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Different perspectives of immunizations during pregnancy

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  • Different perspectives of immunizations during pregnancy


    Turk J Med Sci. 2020 Jan 7. doi: 10.3906/sag-1910-23. [Epub ahead of print] Different perspectives of immunizations during pregnancy.

    Celep G, Duyan Çamurdan A, Baran Aksakal FN, Kara OF.
    Abstract

    BACKGROUND:

    Pregnant women and infants are at risk of severe lower respiratory tract infections induced by influenza or pertussis. The uptake of both vaccines is poor in spite of proven benefits and safety. We aimed to determine the knowledge and attitude of pregnant women and their primary healthcare providers towards immunization during pregnancy.
    METHODS:

    This cross-sectional and interventional study was conducted in northern Turkey in 2016. It had three different groups including 786 pregnant women, 146 primary healthcare staff and 97 family practioners. Different questionnaires were filled by each group. The intervention phase of the study consisted of education of the expectant mothers about immunizations during pregnancy.
    RESULTS:

    786 pregnant women aged between 17-44 years were enrolled to the study. Most of the participants had favourable attitude about vaccination, but only 1.1% had influenza immunization, none had Tdap immunization. None of the participants joining the intervention stage were immunized. The healthcare staff and family physicians had knowledge about vaccinations, but had abstention for administration. Post-exposure prophylaxis was also provided by referral centres.
    CONCLUSIONS:

    Most of the participants either pregnant women or healthcare workers were not vaccinated against pertussis and influenza. Dissemination of maternal immunization must be supported by the team work of healthcare professionals, authorities, universities, professional associations, stake holders, media and patients with current, evidence based knowledge.


    KEYWORDS:

    Immunization; pregnancy; influenza; adult type pertussis vaccine (Tdap); post-exposure prophylaxis.

    PMID: 31905497 DOI: 10.3906/sag-1910-23

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