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Transmissibility and severity of influenza virus by subtype

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  • Transmissibility and severity of influenza virus by subtype

    Infect Genet Evol. 2018 Aug 10. pii: S1567-1348(18)30605-1. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2018.08.007. [Epub ahead of print]
    Transmissibility and severity of influenza virus by subtype.

    Park JE1, Ryu Y2.
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    The characteristics of influenza might vary depending on the disease subtype. This review includes previous studies on the transmissibility and severity of influenza and summarizes them by subtype. The attack rate and incubation period of influenza A were 2.3-12.3% and 1.4 days, respectively, and those of influenza B were 0.6-5.5% and 0.6 days, respectively. The five subtypes of influenza A virus, namely, H1N1, H2N2, H3N3, H5N1, and H7N9, are reviewed. The indexes related to transmissibility (reproduction number, attack rate, serial interval, latent period, incubation period, infectious period) and severity (hospitalization rate, case fatality rate) differed by influenza subtype. Generally, H3N2 showed a higher attack rate than H1N1 and H2N2. Additionally, H5N1 and H7N9 showed higher mortality rates than the other subtypes, including H1N1, H2N2, H3N2.


    Flu; Impact; Influenza; Severity; Subtype; Transmissibility

    PMID: 30103034 DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2018.08.007