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J Obstet Gynaecol Res . Maternal and perinatal outcomes and placental pathologic examination of 29 SARS-CoV-2 infected patients in the third trimester of gestation

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  • J Obstet Gynaecol Res . Maternal and perinatal outcomes and placental pathologic examination of 29 SARS-CoV-2 infected patients in the third trimester of gestation


    J Obstet Gynaecol Res


    . 2021 Apr 5.
    doi: 10.1111/jog.14784. Online ahead of print.
    Maternal and perinatal outcomes and placental pathologic examination of 29 SARS-CoV-2 infected patients in the third trimester of gestation


    Luis Blasco Santana 1 , Eduardo Miraval Wong 1 , Jorge Álvarez-Troncoso 2 , Laura Sánchez García 3 , José L Bartha 4 , Rita M Regojo-Zapata 1



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    Aim: On December 31, 2019, an unknown outbreak of pulmonary disease was reported in China. The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 was the etiologic agent of this disease, and responsible of the current pandemic of COVID-19. Accumulated evidence on placental features is based most on case-reports and small case-series, with differing results.
    Methods: We gathered a cohort of 29 infected pregnant mothers who delivered 32 newborns, and had placentas available for pathologic examination. Placentas were compared with a control group.
    Results: Of the 29 mothers, clinical and radiological features were similar to what was already described in COVID-19. Pregnancy modified some analytical parameters. One of the mothers succumbed to the disease. Of the 32 newborns, 1 developed an early infection, with positive reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at 48 h of life, with an initial RT-PCR negative. SARS-CoV-2 presence was assessed on placental tissue with immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR, both were negative. All newborns had good clinical outcomes. No differences in morphological placental findings were found among both groups.
    Conclusion: Lack of statistically significant differences among case and control groups suggest that placentas from SARS-CoV-2 infected mothers represent a cohort of normal placentas only submitted because of maternal SARS-CoV-2 status. To the best of our knowledge, no irrefutable cases of vertical transmission have been yet described. Other authors have failed to demonstrate presence of viral RNA in placental tissue. Accumulated knowledge suggests that if vertical transmission is possible, it is a rare event.

    Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus; placental pathology; vertical transmission.

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