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Influenza virus replication in macrophages: balancing protection and pathogenesis

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  • Influenza virus replication in macrophages: balancing protection and pathogenesis

    J Gen Virol. 2017 Sep 8. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000922. [Epub ahead of print]
    Influenza virus replication in macrophages: balancing protection and pathogenesis.

    Cline TD1, Beck D1, Bianchini E1.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Macrophages are essential for protection against influenza A virus infection, but are also implicated in the morbidity and mortality associated with severe influenza disease, particularly during infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus. While influenza virus infection of macrophages was once thought to be abortive, it is now clear that certain virus strains can replicate productively in macrophages. This may have important consequences for the antiviral functions of macrophages, the course of disease and the outcome of infection for the host. In this article, we review findings related to influenza virus replication in macrophages and the impact of productive replication on macrophage antiviral functions. A clear understanding of the interactions between influenza viruses and macrophages may lead to new antiviral therapies to relieve the burden of severe disease associated with influenza viruses.


    PMID: 28884667 DOI: 10.1099/jgv.0.000922
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