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Maternal deaths due to infectious cause, results from the French confidential enquiry into maternal deaths, 2010-2012

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  • Maternal deaths due to infectious cause, results from the French confidential enquiry into maternal deaths, 2010-2012

    Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol. 2017 Nov 3. pii: S2468-7189(17)30247-7. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2017.10.016. [Epub ahead of print]
    [Maternal deaths due to infectious cause, results from the French confidential enquiry into maternal deaths, 2010-2012].

    [Article in French]
    Rigouzzo A1, Tessier V2, Zieleskiewicz L3.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Over the period 2010-2012, maternal mortality from infectious causes accounted for 5% of maternal deaths by direct causes and 16% of maternal deaths by indirect causes. Among the 22 deaths caused by infection occurred during this period, 6 deaths were attributed to direct causes from genital tract origin, confirming thus the decrease in direct maternal deaths by infection during the last ten years. On the contrary, indirect maternal deaths by infection, from extragenital origin, doubled during the same period, with 16 deaths in the last triennium, dominated by winter respiratory infections, particularly influenza: the 2009-2010 influenza A (H1N1) virus pandemic was the leading cause of indirect maternal mortality by infection during the studied period. The main infectious agents involved in maternal deaths from direct causes were Streptococcus A, Escherichia Coli and Clostridium perfringens: these bacterias were responsible for toxic shock syndrome, severe sepsis, secondary in some cases to cellulitis or necrotizing fasciitis. Of the 6 deaths due to direct infection, 4 were considered avoidable because of inadequate management: delayed or missed diagnosis, delayed or inadequate initiation of a specific medical and/or surgical treatment. Of the 16 indirect maternal deaths due to infection causes, the most often involved infectious agents were influenza A (H1N1) virus and Streptococcus pneumonia with induced purpura fulminans: the absence of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, delayed diagnosis and emergency initiation of a specific treatment, were the main contributory factors to these deaths and their avoidability in 70% of the cases analyzed.
    Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


    KEYWORDS:

    France; Grippe; Influenza; Maternal death; Mortalité maternelle; Quality of care; Qualité des soins; SEPSIS; Sepsis

    PMID: 29108905 DOI: 10.1016/j.gofs.2017.10.016
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