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Annals Fam.Med. The Relationship Between Oseltamivir and Suicide in Pediatric Patients

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  • Annals Fam.Med. The Relationship Between Oseltamivir and Suicide in Pediatric Patients

    The Relationship Between Oseltamivir and Suicide in Pediatric Patients

    + Author Affiliations
    • 1University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy, Chicago, Illinois
    • 2Children’s Hospital University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
    • CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: James W. Antoon, MD, PhD, 840 S. Wood St M/C 856, Chicago, IL 60612, jantoon@uic.edu


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    Abstract

    PURPOSE Studies examining the association between use of oseltamivir and neuropsychiatric events (including suicide) among children have had mixed findings and have been limited by small sample size, reliance on older data, and potential confounding. We undertook an analysis that addresses these limitations.

    METHODS Using a national administrative claims database and a case-crossover design that minimized confounding, we analyzed data from 5 contemporary influenza seasons (2009–2013) for individuals aged 1 to 18 years and ascertained oseltamivir exposure from pharmacy dispensing.

    RESULTS We identified 21,407 suicide-related events during this study period, 251 of which were in oseltamivir-exposed children. In case-crossover analysis, we did not find any significant association with suicide either for oseltamivir exposure (odds ratio = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.39–1.00; P = .05) or for influenza diagnosis alone (odds ratio = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.34–1.08; P = .10).

    CONCLUSION Our findings suggest that oseltamivir does not increase risk of suicide in the pediatric population.

    full article

    http://www.annfammed.org/content/16/2/145.full


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