Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

New York - Avian flu in mammals and livestock - 2024

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • New York - Avian flu in mammals and livestock - 2024

    United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 46


    GENERAL INFORMATION

    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    4451

    DISEASE
    Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    H5N1

    START DATE
    2022/03/30

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
    2022/05/05

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

    NO REPORT INFORMATION

    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 46

    REPORT ID
    FUR_166872

    REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
    2024/04/11

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    • Contact with wild species
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock. Wildlife detections unrelated to these livestock detections are reported from Missouri (MO), Kentucky (KY) and New York (NY).

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-752-- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1654-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-3----TOTAL1652451495300

    DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

    CLINICAL SIGNS
    YES

    METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
    Clinical, Diagnostic test
    Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Red Fox,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Tiger,Puma,Bobcat,Domestic cat,Fisher,Cats,Gray Seal,American Black Bear (black bear),Racoon (Northern raccoon),Harbor Seal,North American river otter,American marten,Virginia Opossum,Striped Skunk,Amur Leopard,Coyote,Abert's squirrel,Bottlenose dolphin,Bovine,Goats,American Mink,Polar Bear 201 2022/05/05 2024/04/09 Positive
    https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451

  • #2
    Excerpts from the report:

    NEW OUTBREAKS

    South Dakota
    Brown County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    ------------------------------------
    Texas
    Hale County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production, decreased feed consumption, pyrexia and increased somatic cell counts.
    -----------------------------------
    North Carolina
    Wake
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. In order to protect data confidentiality, the second administrative division represents the approximate location of the laboratory that conducted the initial testing.
    -----------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included mastitis.
    -----------------------------------
    Texas
    Castro County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production and loose manure.
    -------------------------------------
    Texas
    Dallam County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    ---------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    -----------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    -------------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production
    -----------------------------------------
    Michigan
    Montcalm County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased milk production and fever.
    ------------------------------------------
    Ohio
    Wood County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased feed consumption, drop in milk production and yellow/thickened milk.
    -----------------------------------
    Missouri
    Jackson County
    Wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Samples were collected as part of a morbidity / mortality investigation.
    Cases 1
    ------------------------------------
    Kentucky
    Bourbon County
    Wild mink (Neovison vison). Samples were collected as part of a morbidity / mortality investigation.
    Cases 1
    --------------------------------------
    New York
    Greene County
    Wild racoon (Procyon lotor).
    Cases 1
    Last edited by sharon sanders; April 12, 2024, 01:58 PM. Reason: added bolding
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      APRIL 22, 2024
      |
      ALBANY, NY

      State Department of Agriculture Announces Temporary Import Requirements for Dairy Cattle Coming Into New York

      Following Cases of HPAI in Livestock in Other States, New York State Bars Entry of Animals From Impacted Farms and Strengthens Import Procedures for all Affected States

      The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets today announced new temporary import requirements for dairy cattle coming into New York, following detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in dairy cattle and goats in several other states. No cases have been detected in New York livestock to date. Pasteurized milk and dairy products remain safe to consume as pasteurization kills harmful microbes and pathogens in milk, including the influenza virus, and there is also no concern regarding the consumption of properly cooked meat products.

      New York State Agriculture Commissioner Richard A. Ball said, “While we have not seen any cases of HPAI in livestock here in New York State, we’re monitoring the situation closely and are in communication with our farmers, veterinarians, and partners at USDA and in other states. The temporary import requirements we’ve put into place will help us to ensure that animals coming into New York are healthy and are not from affected premises, so that our animals here in New York can continue to remain safe. We encourage our farmers to continue practicing good biosecurity and to stay in touch with us and their veterinarians as the situation evolves.”

      New York State Health Commissioner Dr. James McDonald said, “Preparing ahead of a potential health risk such as the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is how the Department of Health protects, improves and promotes the health, productivity and wellbeing of all New Yorkers. While pasteurized milk and dairy products remain safe to consume because of stringent oversight protocols, the Department supports the temporary import requirements for dairy cattle brought into the State, to safeguard the health and safety of all New Yorkers.”

      The temporary import requirements for dairy cattle into New York State are:
      • importation of dairy cattle from a premises with a confirmed case of HPAI or a premises under investigation as a suspect premises is prohibited;
      • dairy cattle imported from affected states must be accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (CVI) issued within 10 days prior to entry into the state; and
      • CVIs issued for dairy cattle from affected states must include the statement: “All animals identified on the Certificate of Veterinary (CVI) have been examined and do not originate from a premises with a confirmed detection of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, or that is currently under investigation as a suspect premises.”

      These requirements will remain in place until further notice.

      HPAI was confirmed in dairy cattle in Texas in late March, and has since spread to Kansas, New Mexico, Michigan, Idaho, Ohio, North Carolina, and South Dakota, and was also diagnosed in young goats in Minnesota on a premises with HPAI-infected poultry. A map of states that have detected HPAI in livestock can be found at https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock-poultry-disease/avian/avian-influenza/hpai-detections/livestock.

      While there have been no detections of HPAI in dairy cattle or goats in New York, the Department issued a statewide alert to veterinarians urging them to contact the Department if they see any signs or symptoms of illness in farm animals. Based on the confirmed cases so far, symptoms that veterinarians and farm owners should be on the lookout for include:

      Clinical signs seen in affected cattle:
      • decreased milk production;
      • acute sudden drop in production with some severely impacted cows experiencing thicker, concentrated milk;
      • decrease in feed consumption; abnormal feces; and low-grade fever.

      Clinical signs seen in affected newborn goats:
      • Unusual deaths

      If any of these symptoms are noted, veterinarians are urged to call the Department at (518) 457-3502 for sampling guidance.

      In addition to monitoring for animal health, the Department is urging farm owners and farm workers to practice good biosecurity measures, which include the following:
      • Restrict on-farm access to employees and essential personnel;
      • Provide farm-dedicated work boots for all workers that are not worn anywhere else;
      • Prevent cattle from drinking from sources that may be contaminated by waterfowl;
      • Prevent wild birds from accessing feed sources and make sure all feed spills are cleaned up; and
      • Contact your veterinarian if you suspect your cattle are showing signs of HPAI.

      Additional biosecurity recommendations can be found here.


      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        OB_134385 - CHENANGO COUNTY

        OUTBREAK REFERENCE- START DATE
        2024/03/18

        END DATE

        DETAILED CHARACTERISATION

        FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
        New York

        SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
        Chenango

        THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION- EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
        Not applicable

        LOCATION
        Chenango County

        Latitude, Longitude
        42.531 , -75.525

        (Approximate location)

        OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER- MEASURING UNIT
        Animal

        AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
        Wild bobcat (Lynx rufus). SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bobcat (WILD)
        WildNEW-1----TOTAL-1----

        METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
        Diagnostic test

        Comment


        • #5
          Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Mammals

          Last Modified: May 07, 2024
          ...
          State County Date Collected Date Detected HPAI Strain Species

          New York Onondaga 04/29/2024 05/03/2024 EA H5N1 Red fox
          New York Chenango 03/18/2024 04/26/2024 EA/AM H5N1 Bobcat
          New York Greene 03/06/2024 04/03/2024 EA H5N1 Raccoon
          ...

          View the latest information on detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in mammals.
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            OB_134437 - ONONDAGA COUNTY

            OUTBREAK REFERENCE


            START DATE
            2024/04/29

            END DATE

            DETAILED CHARACTERISATION


            FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
            New York

            SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
            Onondaga

            THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


            EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
            Not applicable

            LOCATION
            Onondaga County

            Latitude, Longitude
            43.046 , -76.148

            (Approximate location)

            OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER

            MEASURING UNIT
            Animal

            AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
            Wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes). SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Red Fox (WILD)
            WildNEW-1----TOTAL-1----

            METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
            Diagnostic test

            \https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451

            Comment

            Working...
            X