[Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page in Arabic: (LINK). Automatic translation.]

Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, National Scientific Committee for Infectious Diseases about MERS-CoV

(April 15 2014)

Confirmed members of the National Scientific Committee for Infectious Diseases that the health status of Jeddah reassuring and thankfully that assembly, which appeared to situations in the governorate of Jeddah in line with the nature of the disease, which may appear in the form of clusters does not differ from the pattern of the disease in the rest of the kingdom, which appeared where the virus.

The preparations facilities and hospitals are in line with national and international standards for infection control and do not need extras for the readiness and availability of all hardware and supplies needed to deal with the cases.

This came during the visit, the inspection carried out by a team from the National Scientific Committee for Infectious Diseases and who represent a number of health sectors from inside and outside the Ministry of Health Hospitals in Jeddah to view the health status and readiness of these hospitals to MERS in addition to their meeting with a group of health practitioners in those Utilities.

In the same context, met this morning at the library in Jeddah Excellency the Minister of Health. Abdullah Al-Rabiah attended by Deputy Minister of Health Affairs d. Mansour sensorial and Deputy Minister for Planning and Development d. Mohammed Khchim a team of members of the National Scientific Committee which included debate the latest developments in the province also addressed the discussion of efforts undertaken by the Ministry of Health to renew and confirm communication with the companies manufacturing vaccines and international research centers to discuss the manufacture effective vaccine for the disease and the willingness of the Ministry of Health and the national scientific collaboration in this area.

He also briefed His Excellency on the report of the Ministry of Health on the status of the Coronavirus since its inception, as the report pointed out that the Coronavirus of emerging diseases like the emerging diseases that have not known man by the result of a reasoned was not known to humanity, such as the emergence of H1N1 influenza virus in 2009 and the SARS virus in 2003 and that these diseases innervate the handle and take the time is short to recognize scientists it is to identify the source of infections and methods of transmission and the manufacture of a drug to treat and produce a preventive vaccine her and all of that applies to the syndrome, the Middle East respiratory Syndrome and who did not know humanity by where the first recorded case of the Kingdom in June of 2012, a patient is coming from the province of Bisha treatment in Jeddah, where he was complaining of respiratory symptoms was taking a sample has been sent to laboratories European to come to the conclusion that the cause is a new virus from the family of coronaviruses then called this ministry members of the National Committee of Scientific disease infectious, consisting of consultants of Infectious Diseases and family medicine and community and public health of all health authorities in the Kingdom which the Ministries of Defense, the National Guard, Interior, Education, and Health and the Faculty of Medicine at King Saud University and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Saudi Aramco, which approved preventive policies pursued by the Ministry of Health and that began surveillance epidemiology of the disease in all regions of the Kingdom and the processing of reference laboratories in Jeddah and Dammam and Riyadh, Medina and Mecca to receive the samples.

It also included a report that the disease recorded in several countries in the Middle East, The Ministry of Health and the National Scientific Committee by consulting experts and specialists from the World Health Organization and international bodies and universities in the world and some of them participated in the field with the ministry in the study of this disease.

And on the history of epidemiological surveillance of the disease have included the report that the onset of the disease was recorded individual cases scattered or gathered a few cases between family members and there is no any transfer of infection, such as the case of Bisha and sporadic cases in Riyadh, and in April of the year 2013, appeared for the first time a cluster of cases in hospital Al-Ahsa province and between individuals with weakened immune systems have resulted in transmission of infection among some patients and then appeared in the eastern region recorded cases in the hospital, where Saudi Aramco has control over these cases that appeared in Al-Ahsa and Eastern.

During the second half of the month of March 2014 began the recorded cases in King Fahd Hospital in Jeddah, where cases reached in its entirety since that period, 26 cases in addition to the two previously recorded before that date.

There is a difference to the Ministry of Health is now working round the clock and the procedures for infection control and sterilization places and complete the necessary procedures for infection control.

The report emphasized that the Ministry of Health continues to monitor the disease and about doing what is necessary to deal with.

The report also noted that the ministry does not announce the cases only after confirmation and re-examination in the laboratories of multiple internal and external to confirm the result.

Note that this disease has no vaccine or preventive treatment of qualitative and unknown source of contagion is not known how infection is transmitted from one person to another until now.

The research is still ongoing with regard to the basic knowledge of the source of infection, where samples are taken in several regions of the Kingdom of Apple and sponsors in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and will be detected with the results of this research, God willing Upon completion.

With regard to the epidemiological surveillance of Middle East respiratory syndrome the number of confirmed cases to date (194) cases, including 69 deaths by the death of up to 35% now, has been in the past nearly 60%, which is less than the rate of World disease which is 41.5%, has recorded twelve district and province out of twenty-positive cases, while not record the rest of the regions and the provinces any cases so far, with recorded Riyadh, the largest number of cases (82) case rate (42.2%) of the total number of cases, followed by the province of Jeddah number (28) case rate (14.4%) and the number of Mfg (25) case rate (12.8%), then the number of the eastern region (23) case rate (11.8%).

The distribution of cases by regions and provinces came as follows:

[Region or the province - The number of cases]
  • Al-Ahsa ? 25
  • Difficult ? 7
  • Bisha ? 1
  • East ? 23
  • Batin ? 11
  • Grandmother ? 28
  • Hollow ? 2
  • City ? 7
  • Najran ? 1
  • Qassim ? 2
  • Riyadh ? 82
  • Taif ? 5
  • Total ? 194

As regards to cases by sex and sexual recorded male largest number of cases (127) case by 65.5%, and record the female number (67) case rate of 34.5%, as the number of Saudis 158 cases increased by 81.5% and the number of non-Saudis, 36 cases by 18.5 %.

And on the distribution of cases by different health sectors, the report pointed that there had been cases in the sectors of health following which the Ministries of Defense, the National Guard, Interior, Health, as well as the private sector and university hospitals, and Saudi Aramco, which reported a Ministry of Health hospitals 72 cases, hospitals and the Ministry of Defense of 39 cases , and hospitals and the Ministry of National Guard 30 cases and hospital security forces 4 and university hospitals 5 and hospitals Aramco 14 cases and hospitals private health sector 20 cases and the King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh and Jeddah, the number of 10 cases since the onset of the disease in 2012, with reference to the cases recorded in the Ministry of Health hospitals include patients in addition to the contacts of positive cases of both hospitals and the Ministry of Health, hospitals or other sectors, and the following table shows the distribution of these cases is as follows:

[Health sector - The number of cases]
  • Ministry of Health hospitals include patients and contacts of positive ? 72
  • Hospitals Department of Defense ? 39
  • National Guard hospitals ? 30
  • Hospital security forces - 4
  • Hospitals Saudi Aramco ? 14
  • Private hospitals ? 20
  • University Hospitals - 5
  • King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh and Jeddah - 10