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ECDC - West Nile Virus in Europe and neighbouring countries 2019 - Map - Table of Cases - Updated Dec 6

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  • #16
    Epidemiological summary

    Between 8 and 14 November 2019, EU Member States reported a total of six human cases of West Nile virus infections: 5 in Italy and 1 in Germany. No cases were reported from EU neighbouring countries. A human case was reported for the first time from a new area in Germany: in Leipzig, Kreisfreie Stadt.

    This week, three deaths were reported by Greece (2) and Romania (1). In the same time period, three outbreaks among equids were reported to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) by France (2) and Germany (1).

    Since the beginning of the 2019 transmission season and as of 14 November 2019, EU Member States and EU neighbouring countries have reported 462 human infections. EU Member States reported 410 cases: Greece (223), Romania (66), Italy (53), Hungary (36), Cyprus (16), Bulgaria (5), Austria (4), Germany (4), France (2), and Slovakia (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 52 human cases in Serbia (27), Israel (10), Turkey (9) and North Macedonia (6).

    To date, 50 deaths due to West Nile virus infection have been reported by Greece (34), Romania (8), Italy (4), Cyprus (1), Bulgaria (1), North Macedonia (1) and Serbia (1).

    During the current transmission season, 88 outbreaks among equids have been reported by Germany (30), Greece (21), France (13), Italy (8), Hungary (7), Austria (4), Spain (4) and Portugal (1). In addition, Germany has reported 53 outbreaks among birds to ADNS.


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    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

    Comment


    • #17
      Epidemiological summary

      Between 15 and 21 November 2019, no human cases of West Nile virus infection have been reported by EU/EEA countries and EU neighbouring countries. In the same time period, no outbreaks among equids were reported to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS). As no new human cases with recent disease onset have been reported in the last week, the final 2019 weekly update will be published next week Friday.

      Since the beginning of the 2019 transmission season and as of 21 November 2019, EU Member States and EU neighbouring countries have reported 462 human infections. EU Member States reported 410 cases: Greece (223), Romania (66), Italy (53), Hungary (36), Cyprus (16), Bulgaria (5), Austria (4), Germany (4), France (2), and Slovakia (1).

      EU neighbouring countries reported 52 human cases in Serbia (27), Israel (10), Turkey (9) and North Macedonia (6). To date, 50 deaths due to West Nile virus infection have been reported by Greece (34), Romania (8), Italy (4), Cyprus (1), Bulgaria (1), North Macedonia (1) and Serbia (1).

      During the current transmission season, 88 outbreaks among equids have been reported by Germany (30), Greece (21), France (13), Italy (8), Hungary (7), Austria (4), Spain (4) and Portugal (1). In addition, Germany has reported 53 outbreaks among birds to ADNS.


      ECDC assessment

      During this transmission season, Germany and Slovakia reported their first autochthonous human West Nile virus infection. The occurrence of human autochthonous West Nile virus infections in Germany and Slovakia was not unexpected as WNV circulation among birds, equids and/or mosquitoes has been previously documented. All other human infections were reported in EU Member States with known persistent transmission of West Nile virus in previous years. Further human cases may be reported, but environmental conditions have become less suitable for transmission. In accordance with European Commission Directive 2014/110/EU, prospective donors should be deferred for 28 days after leaving a risk area for locally acquired infections unless the results of an individual nucleic acid test are negative.

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      The European Union agency aimed at strengthening Europe's defences against infectious diseases.
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment


      • #18
        Epidemiological summary

        Between 22 and 28 November 2019, one human case of West Nile virus infection has been reported by Turkey. The case had a disease onset from week 35 and was reported from an area that has been affected previously. No deaths were reported this week. In the same time period, Spain reported one outbreak among equids to the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS). The most recent onset date is from week 43 (21 to 27 October). As no new human cases with disease onset in the previous four weeks have been reported, this is the final weekly update for the 2019 transmission season.

        Since the beginning of the 2019 transmission season and as of 28 November 2019, EU Member States and EU neighbouring countries have reported 463 human infections.

        EU Member States reported 410 cases
        : Greece (223), Romania (66), Italy (53), Hungary (36), Cyprus (16), Bulgaria (5), Austria (4), Germany (4), France (2), and Slovakia (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 53 human cases in Serbia (27), Israel (10), Turkey (10) and North Macedonia (6). To date, 50 deaths due to West Nile virus infection have been reported by Greece (34), Romania (8), Italy (4), Cyprus (1), Bulgaria (1), North Macedonia (1) and Serbia (1).

        During the current transmission season, 89 outbreaks among equids have been reported by Germany (30), Greece (21), France (13), Italy (8), Hungary (7), Spain (5), Austria (4) and Portugal (1). In addition, 54 outbreaks among birds have been reported to ADNS by Germany (53) and Greece (1).



        ECDC assessment

        During this transmission season, Germany and Slovakia reported their first autochthonous human West Nile virus infection. The occurrence of human autochthonous cases of West Nile virus infection in Germany and Slovakia was not unexpected as WNV circulation among birds, equids and/or mosquitoes has been previously documented.

        All other human infections were reported in EU Member States with known persistent transmission of West Nile virus in previous years. Further human cases may be reported, but environmental conditions have become less suitable for transmission.

        In accordance with European Commission Directive 2014/110/EU, prospective donors should be deferred for 28 days after leaving a risk area for locally acquired infections unless the results of individual nucleic acid tests are negative.


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        The European Union agency aimed at strengthening Europe's defences against infectious diseases.
        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

        Comment


        • #19
          Epidemiological update: West Nile virus transmission season in Europe, 2019


          5 Dec 2019


          As of 4 December 2019, European Union (EU) Member States and EU neighbouring countries reported 463 human infections in 2019. The last cases of this transmission season were reported by Italy in week 46.


          Human cases
          As of 4 December 2019, European Union (EU) Member States and EU neighbouring countries reported 463 human infections in 2019. EU Member States reported 410 cases: 223 in Greece, 66 in Romania, 53 in Italy, 36 in Hungary, 16 in Cyprus, 5 in Bulgaria, 4 in Austria, 4 in Germany, 2 in France and 1 in Slovakia. EU neighbouring countries reported 53 human cases: 27 in Serbia, 10 in Israel, 10 in Turkey and 6 in North Macedonia. In the same time period, 50 deaths due to West Nile virus infections have been reported.

          In 2019, the first cases in the EU were notified by Greece and Romania in week 29 (15 to 21 July) with the earliest disease onset reported by Greece from week 25 (17 to 23 June). In the EU neighbouring countries the first case was reported by Serbia with a date of onset from week 28 (8 to 14 July).

          The last cases of this transmission season were reported by Italy in week 46 (11 to 17 November), with the latest date of onset from week 37 (9 to 15 September). Romania reported the case with the latest date of onset in the EU from week 43 (21 to 27 October). This is comparable with previous years (2013 – 2017), but three weeks earlier than 2018 when the season ended unusually late. The latest date of onset in the EU neighbouring countries this transmission season was reported by North Macedonia from week 38 (16 to 22 September).

          Thirteen travel-related cases of West Nile virus infection were reported this transmission season. Eleven were associated with travel within the EU or EU neighbouring countries. One case was associated with a travel to Tunisia and one to the United States.

          During this transmission season, both Germany and Slovakia reported their first autochthonous mosquito-borne West Nile virus infection. This was not unexpected as the presence of West Nile virus among birds, equids and/or mosquitoes have been previously documented in those countries. All other human infections were reported in countries with known persistent transmission season in previous years.


          Animal outbreaks
          Since September 2019, ECDC started to include West Nile virus infections among birds in addition to human and equine infections in its epidemiological updates. Animal data (including outbreaks among equids and birds) are collected through the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS) of the European Commission. While the report of equine encephalomyelitis due to WNV is mandatory at the EU level, the report of WNV infections among birds is voluntary. The distribution of human cases covers EU/EEA Member States and EU neighbouring countries, whereas outbreaks among equids and birds covers only EU/EEA Member States.

          During the 2019 transmission season, 93 outbreaks among equids were reported by EU Member States through the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS): 31 in Germany, 21 in Greece, 13 in France, 8 in Italy, 7 in Hungary, 6 in Spain, 4 in Austria and 3 in Portugal.

          In addition, 54 outbreaks among birds have been reported to ADNS by Germany (53) and Greece (1).


          Link to table of cases in 2019



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          The European Union agency aimed at strengthening Europe's defences against infectious diseases.
          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

          Comment

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