Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

Effects of Toll-like Receptor Stimulation on Eosinophilic Infiltration in Lungs of BALB/c Mice Immunized with UV-inactivated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus Vaccine

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Effects of Toll-like Receptor Stimulation on Eosinophilic Infiltration in Lungs of BALB/c Mice Immunized with UV-inactivated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus Vaccine

    J Virol. 2014 May 21. pii: JVI.00983-14. [Epub ahead of print]
    Effects of Toll-like Receptor Stimulation on Eosinophilic Infiltration in Lungs of BALB/c Mice Immunized with UV-inactivated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus Vaccine.
    Iwata-Yoshikawa N1, Uda A2, Suzuki T1, Tsunetsugu-Yokota Y3, Sato Y1, Morikawa S2, Tashiro M4, Sata T1, Hasegawa H1, Nagata N5.
    Author information
    Abstract

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is an emerging pathogen that causes severe respiratory illness. Whole UV-inactivated SARS-CoV (UV-V), bearing multiple epitopes and proteins, is a candidate vaccine against this virus. However, whole inactivated SARS vaccine that includes nucleocapsid protein is reported to induce eosinophilic infiltration in mouse lungs after challenge with live SARS-CoV. In this study, an ability of Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists to reduce the side effects of UV-V vaccination in a 6-month-old adult BALB/c mouse model was investigated, using the mouse-passaged Frankfurt 1 isolate of SARS-CoV. Immunization of adult mice with UV-V, with or without alum, resulted in partial protection from lethal doses of SARS-CoV challenge, but extensive eosinophil infiltration in the lungs was observed. By contrast, TLR agonists added to UV-V vaccine, including lipopolysaccharide, polyU, and poly (I:C) (UV-V+TLR), strikingly reduced excess eosinophilic infiltration in the lungs and induced lower levels of interleukin-4 and -13 and eotaxin in the lungs than UV-V-immunization alone. Additionally, microarray analysis showed that genes associated with chemotaxis, eosinophil migration, eosinophilia, and cell movement, and the polarization of Th2 cells were up-regulated in UV-V- but not in UV-V+TLR-immunized mice. In particular, CD11b+ cells in the lungs of UV-V-immunized mice showed the up-regulation of genes associated with the induction of eosinophils after challenge. These findings suggest that vaccine-induced eosinophil immunopathology in the lungs upon SARS-CoV infection could be avoided by the TLR agonist adjuvants.
    IMPORTANCE:

    Inactivated whole severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV) vaccines induce neutralizing antibodies in mouse models, however, they also cause increased eosinophilic immunopathology in the lungs upon SARS-CoV challenge. In this study, the ability of adjuvant Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists to reduce the side effects of UV-inactivated SARS-CoV vaccination in a BALB/c mouse model was tested, using the mouse-passaged Frankfurt 1 isolate of SARS-CoV. We found that TLR stimulation reduced the high level of eosinophilic infiltration that occurred in the lungs of mice immunized with UV-inactivated SARS-CoV. Microarray analysis revealed that genes associated with chemotaxis, eosinophil migration, eosinophilia, and cell movement, and the polarization of Th2 cells were up-regulated in UV-inactivated SARS-CoV-immunized mice. This study may be helpful for elucidating the pathogenesis underlying eosinophilic infiltration resulting from immunization with inactivated vaccine.

    Copyright 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

    PMID:
    24850731
    [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24850731
Working...
X