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Benin - Lassa fever: 76 suspected cases including 28 deaths

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  • Benin - Lassa fever: 76 suspected cases including 28 deaths

    Translation Google

    Benin: cases of Lassa fever suspected reported in the north of the country


    French.china.org.cn | Updated 26-01-2016

    Several suspected cases of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever, including two deaths and four others under surveillance, have been reported at the Hospital of St Martin in Papané in the commune of Tchaourou, about 400 km north of Cotonou, was told Xinhua Monday from official source.

    "We received on Sunday 3rd January at the hospital of St Martin Papané a lady in an array of headache fever and abdominal pain who died on January 5 and after her death, members of the team guard who took over started to present signs of fever, intense weakness and abdominal pain with diarrhea and vomiting, " told Xinhua Dr. Achille Batonon, Borgou departmental chief health.

    He felt that it is an infectious picture, which led the medical team to suspect cases of viral haemorrhagic fevers Lassa.

    He said the alert was given when a sick nurse of the hospital of St Martin Papané died, while four other health workers, including a laboratory technician, another registered nurse and two other State caregivers of the same hospital, presented the same picture.

    "We made the blood collection of all these cases that we sent Monday to the national laboratory which will forward them to the WHO reference laboratory in Lagos, Nigeria, will give results no earlier than next Wednesday. It is on the basis of these results that we can say if it is Ebola or Lassa, "he said.

    An outbreak of Lassa has been underway since the beginning of the year in 10 states in Nigeria, two of which having a border with the departments of Borgou and Alibori, north of Benin would be affected.

    Similarly the last cases of Lassa fever have been reported in Benin in November 2014. At the time, the disease had made nine victims of the 16 cases reported to the hospital St John of God Tanguiéta, and that of St Martin of Papané in Tchaourou.

    Lassa fever is a haemorrhagic fever caused by a Arenaviruses also called Lassa virus. It was first identified in 1969 in the town of Lassa in Borno State in Nigeria. F

    http://french.china.org.cn/china/txt...t_37669825.htm
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Translation Google

    Health: An outbreak of viral hemorrhagic fever "Lassa" confirmed in Tchaourou

    Published Thursday, January 28, 2016 | ABP

    Tchaourou, The alert since two weeks, of the presence of the epidemic of the viral haemorrhagic fever "Lassa" in the municipality of Tchaourou was confirmed on Thursday by the Ministry of Public Health of Benin on the basis the results of completed and sent to Nigeria for analysis samples.

    According to Dr. Christian Tchaffa Boni, Secretary General of Benin's Ministry of Public Health, of the five (05) cases of suspected outbreak of haemorrhagic fever viruses "Lassa" recorded in the health zone of Tchaourou, only one case s' was positive after the results of samples sent to Lagos for analysis.
    ...
    Note that a suspected health worker referred to the Departmental Hospital (CHD-Borgou) in Parakou passed away, a few days ago and four (04) other cases are currently hospitalized at Papané health center where they are cared for in intensive care. But according to the latest information cross-checked, three of them were cured of the disease.
    ABP / BKM / DKJ

    http://news.acotonou.com/h/81102.html
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

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    • #3
      Translation Google

      Health: Tchaourou registers already seven (07) deaths of the fourteen (14) suspected cases of haemorrhagic fever virus Lassa

      Published Saturday, January 30, 2016 | ABP

      Parakou - Taking advantage of a press briefing hosted Friday by the Departmental Director of Health (DDS-Borgou / Alibori), Dr Djibril Fatioulaye Issa, to confirm the alert reported two weeks ago of a presence of epidemic hemorrhagic fever virus "Lassa" in the municipality of Tchaourou on the basis of the results of the samples taken and sent for analysis in Nigeria, announced that on 14 suspected cases, 07 deaths have been already registered.

      According to the departmental director of health (DDS-Borgou / Alibori), Dr Djibril Fatioulaye Issa, on the five (05) suspected cases of hemorrhagic fever epidemic virus "Lassa" recorded in the health zone of Tchaourou, only one case was positive after the results of samples sent to Lagos for analysis.

      To believe the latter, since Thursday January 21 of the current year, date in which the alert reached the direction under his charge until the date of January 28, 2016 where the results of samples taken have been made public, of the fourteen (14) suspected cases in the municipality of Tchaourou, seven (07) deaths were already registered with the death early this morning of a health worker who carried the virus among these colleagues followed intensive care in hospital Papanè center in the commune of Tchaourou after touching the patients.

      According to the doctor internist, head of the management of cases, Dr. Albert Comlan Dovonou, haemorrhagic fever viruses "Lassa" is manifested by high fever, headache, pain muscle, pain throat, vomiting with blood, extreme fatigue and other symptoms. He recommended that people at the onset of these symptoms, they must contact the nearest health workers.

      The chief service officer responsible for hygiene and sanitation of the Departmental Health Directorate (DDS-Borgou / Alibori), Ms. Catherine Ali meanwhile urged people to respect rules of hygiene and sanitation permanently, to report all cases of disease for support, avoid handling and consumption of bushmeat in particular the game, avoid the consumption of cereals, foods contaminated by salts, urine and other secretions from infected animals.
      ...
      ABP / BKM / TB

      http://news.acotonou.com/h/81154.html
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Translation Google

        Outbreak of Lassa: Deaths already registered in Benin

        By Hervé Yao Kingbêwé February 2, 2016 at 15:57 544

        Declared officially present in Benin, only a few days ago, haemorrhagic fever virus Lassa already saddens families. According to an interim report presented by the Minister of Health, Pascal Dossou Togbé, during a press conference that he co-hosted with the representative of WHO resident, haemorrhagic fever Lassa virus has already bereaved nine ( 09) families.

        To believe the Minister of Health, nine (09) people are already sadly passed from life to death on a total of twenty (20) cases recorded. The nine (09) deaths, specify the first health authority in Benin, were recorded in the departments of Borgou (07) and Collines (2). Of these deaths, one (01) case was confirmed and eight (08) are probable.

        Health workers not spared

        Also according to provisional figures released by the health authorities, haemorrhagic fever Lassa virus that resurfaced in Benin after a first outbreak quickly contained several months ago, does not make victims only among the population. Health workers are not spared. As of January 29, 2016, five (05) cases of which one (01) confirmed and four (04) suspected were recorded among health personnel.

        http://www.lanouvelletribune.info/be...stres-au-benin
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

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        • #5
          Translation Google

          Benin: first fatal case of Lassa fever in Porto-Novo

          In Benin 12 hours ago

          Porto-Novo, Benin's political capital, in southern Benin, has recorded its first fatal case of Lassa hemorrhagic fever, ongoing since three weeks in the north of the country, said Friday health authorities.

          In the north, especially in Tchaourou and its surroundings in Borgou (420 km north of Cotonou), Lassa fever has killed 12 of the 25 suspected cases, announced Friday in Cotonou Orou Bagou Yarou Chabi, National Director Health.

          At present, more than 350 people are followed to have been in close contact with these patients. " We put the resources at the disposal of health centers for , continuous watch because we are seriously threatened ", he underlined.
          ...
          http://intellivoire.net/benin-premie...-a-porto-novo/
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            Translation Google

            6 lassa fever outbreaks in Benin

            Since its appearance in West Africa, we note 39 cases of Lassa fever, including 12 deaths in Benin. 6 areas are concerned: Borgou County Hospital (CHD borgou), Porto-Novo, Abomey and to the localities of Papanin, Ouessé ... This is the substance of the national public health director statements yesterday during the 13 o'clock news on television channel canal 3 Benin. So watch for any fever around you he warned. Go directly to the nearest health center because support exists and it is this support that has made that all the cases have not been the object of death according to the director.

            February 8, 2016

            http://www.24haubenin.info/?+6-foyer...assa-au-Benin+
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              UNICEF and WHO help fight Lassa Fever outbreak in Benin

              COTONOU, Benin, 10 February 2016 – Alarmed by an outbreak of deadly Lassa Fever, UNICEF and World Health Organization officials in Benin are scaling up an emergency response to help prevent further spread of the disease.

              Lassa Fever, which arises from human contact with the faeces of infected rodents, is transmitted through bodily fluids such as blood, urine, saliva, or sperm. Those affected experience a range of symptoms including fever, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches and abdominal pains. In its severest form, if it is not treated, the disease can lead to death.

              Since the outbreak of Lassa Fever in Benin, there have been four confirmed and 52 suspected cases, and 17 people have died – two of them health workers. One of the confirmed cases is a 4-month-old child now receiving treatment in Tchaourou, in the north-east of the country.
              ...

              http://www.unicef.org/media/media_90166.html
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8
                Translation Google

                Lassa fever: 23 deaths of 68 suspected cases registered in Benin


                French.china.org.cn | Updated 17-02-2016

                23 people have already died on 68 suspected cases recorded from the epidemic of Lassa fever now raging in Benin, Xinhua said Tuesday, with the Beninese Ministry of Health.

                "From 21 January to 13 February, 68 cases were reported with 23 deaths," told Xinhua, the National Director of Public Health, Yorou Chabi Orou Bagou.

                The government authorities are on alert since last January, when a pregnant woman who showed signs of illness, died at the hospital of St Martin of Papanè in Tchaourou North East of Benin and six staff members of the same hospital showed similar symptoms.

                Given the scale of the epidemic, the Beninese government and its humanitarian partners have taken emergency measures, including: the establishment of quarantine units in the affected areas to isolate and treat victims; the establishment of a tracking system to locate people who have been exposed to the disease and the mobilization of a network of nearly 200 employees in the health sector across the country to register contacts.

                Similarly the Beninese authorities have also prepositioned the Ribavirin, a reputed drug effective against the disease, in the capital, in Cotonou, and in the affected areas; and invest in the distribution of protective equipment for health workers, as well as decontamination products.
                ...

                http://french.china.org.cn/foreign/t...t_37802692.htm
                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment


                • #9
                  Source: http://www.who.int/csr/don/19-februa...ever-benin/en/
                  Lassa Fever – Benin

                  Disease outbreak news
                  19 February 2016

                  On 25 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Benin notified WHO of an outbreak of Lassa fever.
                  The outbreak was initially detected on 21 January following reports of unexplained fever within a cluster of health workers from the district of Tchaourou, Borgou department. On 3 January, these health workers provided care to a patient suffering from haemorrhagic fever.
                  Between 21 January and 16 February, 71 cases (6 confirmed, 10 probable et 55 suspected) were reported from seven departments – namely, Borgou (52), Collines (13), Ouémé (2), Alibori (1), Atlantique (1), Kouffo (1) and Littoral (1). During the same period of time, a total of 23 deaths were recorded in the departments of Borgou (16), Collines (4), Atlantique (1), Ouémé (1) and Plateau. Seven of the reported cases (3 confirmed, 1 probable and 3 suspected), including 2 deaths (1 confirmed and 1 probable), were health workers.
                  To date, 6 cases, including 2 deaths, have been laboratory confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction at the Virology Unit, Central Research Laboratory, Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria.
                  Public health response

                  The Ministry of Health of Benin, with the support of WHO and partners, is coordinating the management of the outbreak. Control measures are being implemented, including field investigation, enhanced surveillance, case management, infection prevention and control, contact tracing and follow-up, and social mobilization.
                  WHO has deployed a multidisciplinary team in the affected areas to support the response. WHO's Regional Office for Africa (WHO/AFRO) has deployed two experts and has provided financial support to the country.
                  Since the beginning of the outbreak, a total of 318 contacts have been identified and 292 are currently under follow-up.
                  WHO risk assessment

                  Lassa fever is endemic in neighbouring Nigeria and other West African countries. The disease causes outbreaks almost every year in different parts of Benin, with yearly peaks observed between December and February. Although, this is only the second Lassa outbreak reported in Benin, the outbreak is occurring during known seasonal patterns. According to available information, its characteristics are similar to other outbreaks described elsewhere; however, considering seasonal case flare-ups during this time of the year, countries in West Africa endemic for Lassa fever are encouraged to strengthen the related surveillance systems.
                  WHO does not recommend any restriction of travel and trade to Benin based on the information available.
                  Background

                  Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic fever illness with an incubation period of 1-4 weeks and is endemic in West Africa. The Lassa virus is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces. Person-to-person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur, particularly in hospitals lacking adequate infection prevent and control measures. The disease is endemic in the rodent population in parts of West Africa. Lassa fever is known to be endemic in Benin (where it was diagnosed for the first time in November 2014), Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone and parts of Nigeria, but probably exists in other West African countries as well. The overall case-fatality rate is 1%. Observed case-fatality rate among patients hospitalized with severe cases of Lassa fever is 15%. Early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival.


                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Translation Google

                    Benin hit by an outbreak of Lassa fever

                    Laurent Larcher on 02/24/2016 at 8:50 am

                    Since the beginning of 2016, a Lassa fever epidemic hits Benin. The high mortality rate worries observers.

                    Nobody talks about it, or hardly anyone. Since January 2016, Benin has been hit by an outbreak of Lassa fever. This viral hemorrhagic disease affects, in total silence, from 100 000 to 300 000 people each year in Nigeria, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Benin escaped it, until then. Not anymore. "We were alerted by mid-January," says a Beninese doctor based in Cotonou.

                    The first case was recorded on 5 January in the hospital of St Martin de Papané, Tchaourou town, over 350 km north of Cotonou. Since, the epidemic extends from north to south. As February 22, 76 suspected cases were recorded and 28 deaths, according to the Ministry of Health. Involved, rodents Mastomys kind. "The virus is transmitted to humans by contact with contaminated food or household items by the droppings of infected rodents," says Sylvain Baize, head of the National Center for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers Reference of the Pasteur Institute.

                    A fever that kills between 5000 and 6000 people per year in West Africa

                    The virus can also be spread from person to person through direct contact with body fluids of an infected person. "The human to human contagion is less dramatic than for the Ebola virus. It is observed mainly in hospitals. This fever should be taken seriously, it kills between 5 000 and 6 000 per year in West Africa, "says Sylvain Baize.

                    It is to be taken even more seriously in Benin because the country is not accustomed to this viral threat. Populations, health workers, the infrastructure is not prepared for such an outbreak. Benin does not have a laboratory capable of analyzing samples: it must send them to its neighbors such as Nigeria.

                    "We are surprised by the mortality rate of the Benin strain: if one believes the figures transmitted to us, it would be around 40% while usually it is between 5 and 10%," adds Sylvain Baize.

                    "The government minimizes the problem"

                    Did the Beninese authorities took the measure of the danger? "Since the beginning of the epidemic, no significant steps have been taken to protect health workers and inform people. The government minimizes the problem, the results are underestimated, says the doctor of Cotonou. I even received via SMS, the instruction not to speak about it, not to reveal to newspapers the information which we have. " The site of the Beninese Ministry of Health however still have information updated regularly.

                    This epidemic, thinks the doctor, comes at the worst time: the campaign for the presidential elections of March 6, launched on 19 February. All the attention of the country, candidates and the authorities is taken up with this issue. In this context, "we understand that we should not" spoil the party "harming the events organized by the candidates, political meetings, to large electoral masses," he explains.

                    Neighboring Nigeria is better equipped

                    "The Beninese authorities have contacted us about 15 days ago. They take the situation seriously, Sylvain Baize nuance. They have to send us samples to be analyzed in our turn. If this shipment delays, it is because it is complex to implement: for example, we must find an airline willing to convey them. "

                    There is a cure, ribavirin. But, notes Dr. Brigitte Vasset, of Doctors Without Borders, "you have to inject it into the first few days of infection. Beyond six days, it is too late. "

                    Neighboring Nigeria, more accustomed to this virus and equipped, is also facing a grave outbreak of Lassa fever since November: according to the National Disease Control Centre (NCDC), it would have already killed a hundred people.

                    Laurent Larcher

                    http://www.la-croix.com/Monde/Afriqu...-24-1200742211
                    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                    -Nelson Mandela

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