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China - Large unexplained pneumonia emergency drill was held in Zigong city, Sichuan province on July 4, 2024

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  • China - Large unexplained pneumonia emergency drill was held in Zigong city, Sichuan province on July 4, 2024

    2024 Sichuan-Chongqing Unexplained Pneumonia Emergency Drill Held in Zigong, Sichuan Drones for Sample Delivery and Disinfection Are Very Useful

    July 04, 2024 16:44

      Zhou Qing Cover News reporter Liu Kesheng
      On July 4, the 2024 Sichuan-Chongqing Unexplained Pneumonia Emergency Drill was held in Zigong City, Sichuan Province. More than 360 people from Sichuan Provincial Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Team and Emergency Medical Rescue Team, Mianyang City, Zigong City, Yibin City, Luzhou City, Neijiang City and Chongqing Jiangjin District, Yongchuan District, Rongchang District, Qijiang District and other 10 city (district) infectious disease prevention and control teams participated in the drill.
      Next, the disease control departments of Sichuan and Chongqing will comprehensively promote the construction of disease prevention and control coordination actions in the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle, and promote the integrated development of disease control in Sichuan and Chongqing. Deepen the infectious disease emergency cooperation mechanism, strengthen the exchange of information on infectious disease epidemics and risk assessments, and regularly report on sudden acute infectious disease epidemics. And through regular joint exercises, further enhance the emergency response capabilities and levels of infectious disease epidemics in Sichuan and Chongqing.

    Drill site

      The drill simulated an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown cause, and drones were very useful for sample delivery and disinfection
      "Wang, a 50-year-old male resident of a community in Gongjing District, Zigong City, developed chills and fever on July 2 without obvious cause, with a body temperature of 39.3°C, accompanied by headache, general discomfort, chest tightness, palpitations, cough and sputum..."
      At the beginning of the drill, a patient suspected of pneumonia of unknown cause was found. He went to the community hospital for fever and cough, and the doctor prescribed medicine before returning. His symptoms worsened, so he went to Gongjing District Hospital for a second time. The hospital experts consulted and determined that it was a case of pneumonia of unknown cause. The case was immediately reported to the Gongjing District Health and Health Bureau and the Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Municipal Infectious Disease Hospital was contacted for transfer.
      After the diagnosis, the drill of sampling patients began. The sample delivery personnel put the samples into the temperature-controlled cargo box and then put them into the drone. After the drone self-checked, the background system controlled the drone to take off autonomously. A drone took off urgently and sent the samples collected from the patients to the Zigong Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
      "The flight distance from the drill site to the Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention is 8.8 kilometers, and the flight time is only 11 minutes. In comparison, if vehicle transportation is used, even under the best road conditions and using the shortest route, it will take about 22 minutes," explained the on-site commentator.
      In a scenario drill in the early stage of the disposal, drones were also put to good use. In this scenario, drones were deployed to conduct comprehensive disinfection of live poultry transfer stations, open-air garbage dumps, ditches, and piles of debris that are difficult for people to enter.
      It is understood that the high-altitude operation capability of drones enables a wider disinfection range and higher efficiency, with the disinfection spraying area reaching 120,000 square meters per hour. The wind pressure generated by the downward rotating blades of drones helps to spread the atomized disinfectant deeper and more evenly to every corner of the environment, and can effectively avoid the risk of personnel coming into contact with potential pathogens.

    Drill site

      Simulated cross-regional combat drills to test the entire process from case discovery to emergency response
      "This exercise simulated a cross-regional actual combat exercise, strengthened the joint prevention and control mechanism, and improved the prevention and control system for epidemic monitoring, early warning, reporting and disposal, laying a solid foundation for effectively responding to sudden epidemics."

      Deng Bin, director of the Monitoring, Early Warning and Emergency Response Division of the Sichuan Provincial Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention, said that the joint emergency drill for pneumonia of unknown cause conducted by Sichuan and Chongqing has significantly improved the emergency response speed and capabilities of both sides. Through the joint drill of the disease control systems of Sichuan and Chongqing, the ability to coordinate and deal with the pneumonia of unknown cause has been improved, the ability of professionals to identify, diagnose and deal with pneumonia of unknown cause has been improved, and the ability of multi-department and cross-regional coordination and cooperation has been tested.
      It is understood that this exercise simulated the entire emergency response process of a cluster of pneumonia of unknown cause. According to the preset scenario, it fully demonstrated the emergency response process including case discovery, information reporting, emergency response, transfer and treatment, epidemiological investigation, disposal and control, epidemic site disinfection, expert judgment and risk assessment. The exercise was well designed, with clear procedures and in place disposal. It comprehensively tested the multi-department and cross-regional joint prevention and control mechanism, and enhanced the coordinated linkage, rapid response and efficient disposal capabilities of the Sichuan and Chongqing infectious disease prevention and control teams, achieving the expected results.
      In recent years, Zigong has fully implemented the spirit of all previous meetings of the Chongqing-Sichuan Party and Government Joint Conference, empowered and promoted each other with Chongqing Yongchuan, Qijiang, Rongchang and other places, and the visibility and recognition of integrated health development have been further enhanced. The cooperation between the two sides has entered a new stage of development with focused promotion and deep integration.
      At the same time, Zigong successfully completed the task of hosting the joint health emergency drill with five provinces (cities) in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, and successfully strived to include the improvement of health emergency capabilities in the national public hospital comprehensive reform and high-quality development demonstration project. It is also the only city in Sichuan Province that has not implemented "static management" in county-level and above areas during the prevention and control of the new crown epidemic.