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Nepal - H5N1 Bird flu detected in poultry in Nawalparasi (East) - May 10, 2019

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  • Nepal - H5N1 Bird flu detected in poultry in Nawalparasi (East) - May 10, 2019

    May 10, 2019

    The H5N1 influenza virus, commonly known as bird flu, has been detected among the chickens reared by a farmer at Madhyabindu Municipality in Nawalparasi (East).


  • #2
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Information received on 08/05/2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
    Report type Follow-up report No. 6
    Date of start of the event 14/02/2019
    Date of confirmation of the event 06/03/2019
    Report date 05/05/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 08/05/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 10/09/2018
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N1
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    This event pertains to the whole country
    Related reports Immediate notification (17/03/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (24/03/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (31/03/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 3 (04/04/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 4 (13/04/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 5 (29/04/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 6 (05/05/2019)
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Madhyabidu municipality-2, Nandapur , Nawalparasi( susta eastern), Lumbini
    Date of start of the outbreak 02/05/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (08/05/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 271 25 25 246 0
    Affected population Backyard chicken and ducks
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 271 25 25 246 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 9.23% 9.23% 100.00% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments From February to May, a total of 101011 commercial layers, 5243 commercial broilers, 446 backyard chickens, 7504 commercial broiler parents, 1028 backyard ducks, 310 commercial ducks, 43245 eggs and 19207 kg of poultry feed have been destroyed and disposed of by Rapid Response Team. Stamping out, cleaning and disinfection, sealing of infected premises in all outbreak districts have been completed. The collected samples will be sent to the OIE Reference Laboratory for the genetic characterization. Post operative surveillance outside the containment area in the respective district is ongoing.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Traceability
    • Quarantine
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Disinfection
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela