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Nepal - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in commercial layers on farm in Chitwan District, Narayani Zone (OIE, May 18, 2018)

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  • Nepal - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in commercial layers on farm in Chitwan District, Narayani Zone (OIE, May 18, 2018)

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Nepal
    Information received on 18/05/2018 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Doctor, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 03/05/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 15/05/2018
    Report date 18/05/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 18/05/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 10/03/2017
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N1
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    This event pertains to the whole country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Khairehani-9, Khairehani, Chitwon, Narayani
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/05/2018
    Outbreak status Resolved (15/05/2018)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 1500 1500 1500 0 0
    Affected population Commercial layers of 72 weeks exhibiting symptoms of cyanotic comb, swollen head, mucus discharge from nostril and sudden death
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 1500 1500 1500 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments Commercial layers of 72 weeks, reared by the farmer, started exhibiting symptoms of cyanotic comb, mucus discharge from nostril, swollen head, and sudden death. Loss of egg production and feed consumption were observed. Free ranged local domestic ducks nearby the infected farm started to die 2 weeks earlier. However, this mortality was not reported. Birds in the affected farm died within two weeks time. Dead birds were disposed of in the disposal pit nearby the farm with proper disinfection. Stamping out of the birds in the infected zone has started. The number of birds stamped out in the infected zone will be reported in the follow-up reports.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Screening
    • Quarantine
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Disinfection
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds rapid tests 15/05/2018 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 15/05/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=26656
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Chitwan suffers loss of Rs 7 m worth of chicken, poultry products due to bird flu

    May 22, 2018 13:51 PM Republica

    CHITWAN, May 22:
    ...
    The Office said the safe management of poultry products in the affected areas has been completed. Poultry rearing in such areas has been banned for the next 42 days.
    ..
    Properly cooked poultry products are safe for human health, office chief Kharel said, urging consumers to property cook poultry products before eating. Farmers have been advised to wear masks while working in farms.

    Veterinary Standard and Drugs Administration Office's chief Dr Dilliram Sedai who arrived here to join the safe management of fowls and poultry products said there is risk that the H5N1 virus may change its form in summer and cause problem, so farmers have been urged to focus on biological safety.
    ...
    http://www.myrepublica.com/news/chit...e-to-bird-flu/
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

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