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Bhutan - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in backyard birds, Samdrup Jongkhar (OIE, March 13, 2018)

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  • Bhutan - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in backyard birds, Samdrup Jongkhar (OIE, March 13, 2018)

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Bhutan
    Information received on 13/03/2018 from Dr Tashi Samdup, Director General, Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 06/03/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 11/03/2018
    Report date 13/03/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 13/03/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 16/10/2016
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N1
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Samdrup Jongkhar, Samdrup Jongkhar, Deothang, SAMDRUP JONGKHAR
    Date of start of the outbreak 06/03/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 60 36 36 24 0
    Affected population The outbreak has occurred in free ranging birds reared within temple complex
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 60 36 36 24 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 60.00% 60.00% 100.00% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Introduction of new live animals
    • Illegal movement of animals
    Epidemiological comments The birds were brought from unknown sources illegally and kept within the temple complex. The disease is so far confined within the temple complex owing to strict enforcement of control measures.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Official destruction of animal products
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Disinfection
    • Ante and post-mortem inspections
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Quarantine
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    National Centre for Animal Health (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 11/03/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=26166
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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