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Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

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  • Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

    ************************************************** ******************************
    A ProMED-mail post
    ProMED-mail is a program of the
    International Society for Infectious Diseases

    Date: Sun 27 Jan 2013

    From: Roger Ellis [edited]

    I was just in a Middle Eastern country from 7-18 Jan 2013 that routinely imports dairy cattle from Europe. Does anyone know whether these cattle are being tested prior to export?

    I suspect Schmallenberg virus has already been transmitted if testing has not been ongoing.


    Roger G. Ellis, DVM, MS, FADD
    Field Veterinarian II
    NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets, Animal Industry

    [The issue raised by Dr Ellis deserves attention. Subscribers are invited to submit available information. - Mod.AS]


  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

    Russian ban on cattle imports from Europe to remain in force another year

    Nov. 8, 2013,

    Russia's ban on cattle imports from Europe will remain in force at least until the end of next year, deputy of agricultural watchdog Rosselkhoznadzor, Nikolai Vlasov, said on Friday at a press conference held at Interfax's head office in Moscow.

    Rosselkhoznadzor will consider lifting the ban if a large-scale experiment currently being conducted in Voronezh region - scheduled to run for more than a year - shows that animals that have recovered from Schmallenberg virus infections prove to be no threat to uninfected animals.

    "We will not receive a conclusive answer to that question. Consequently, we cannot consent to the importation to Russia of virus-positive animals [for at least another year]," Vlasov said.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

    Belarus suspends import of cattle from Denmark


    MINSK, 22 April (BelTA) - Belarus has suspended import of beef cattle, sheep and goats from Denmark, BelTA learnt from the veterinary and food supervision department of the Agriculture and Food Ministry of Belarus.

    The decision was made in connection with the reemergence of Schmallenberg virus infection in Denmark (Zealand island). In this regard, Belarus’ veterinary authorities have suspended the imports and transit through its territory of cattle and small ruminants from Denmark.

    The recently detected virus provisionally named "Schmallenberg" (SBV) virus (Simbu serogroup, Bunyaviridae family, genus Orthobunyavirus) is found in ruminants. Clinical signs in adults are mainly mild or nonexistent, but transient fever, loss of appetite, a reduction in milk yield and diarrhoea have been observed in association with the infection. The major clinical sign of SBV is congenital malformations in newborn animals similar to those observed in infections by Akabane virus. Current knowledge suggests that it is unlikely that SBV can cause disease in humans.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

    15 April 2013 |

    Ukraine bans cattle import from EU

    Ukraine has imposed a ban on import of cattle and small ruminants from the UK, Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Austria, Spain and Belgium due to the detection of new cases caused by the Schmallenberg virus in susceptible animals, the State Veterinary and Phytosanitary Service of Ukraine reports.

    According to the report, the ban also extends to the genetic material of cattle.


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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification


    20 February 2013

    Kazakhstan has threatened to sue Austria for supplying infected cows

    Kazakh authorities intend to sue the veterinary authorities of Austria, through whose fault the country got the animals infected with the virus Schmallenberg. On this, as the, Minister of Agriculture of the Republic Asylzhan Mamytbekov.

    "If the Austrian party voluntarily repay the damage, we will sue them. As in any business disputes where damages awarded, it is not only the principal amount of the damage and loss of revenue and the costs incurred in the course content, it all may be the subject of the claim, "- said the official, adding that the complaint will be lodged in one of Kazakhstan courts.

    Elite breeds of cows were imported from Austria in the economy "Leon" and "Poltava" in the north of Kazakhstan in September last year. All were delivered to the country more than 700 head of cattle. How to write "Express K" on their purchase through the "KAF" was allocated 1.7 million euros (farm animals have a long-term lease).

    With the passage of mandatory in such cases, quarantine, local veterinarians have found that at least 80 head of cattle sick. Analyzes identified the foreign cows virus diarrhea, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus and Schmallenberg. This diagnosis, according to the, later confirmed by experts from Russia and the UK.
    The Government of Kazakhstan decided to destroy all cattle imported from Austria with youngsters born in the territory of the republic. In mid-February 2013 the animals were killed and their carcasses burned.

    Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic asked for clarification of the Austrian veterinarians and suppliers ( confirmed that supplies of cattle involved in a certain firm in Hungary.) However, the said it sold Kazakhstan animals were healthy.

    Schmallenberg virus was first identified in the autumn of 2011 in the German city of the same name. Disease caused by a virus, characterized by diarrhea, fever, can kill adult and young animals. He was exposed to sheep, goats and cattle. Development of a vaccine to combat the new disease, according to experts, can take up to two years. Effect of Schmallenberg virus on human health have not been studied.


    The imported cattle has been culled:

    To begin destroying Austrian cows

    430 cows infected with Schmallenberg virus culled in Northern Kazakhstan

    Apparently the cattle was imported in september. The first reports regarding SBV in Austria are of sept 25 2012:

    and: .

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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact - Exports - Certification

    Export requirements

    Read more on the export requirements of breeding cattle, sheep and goats, embryo's and semen from EU-countries to 3rd countries (= countries outside EU).
    Including export requirements related to Schmallenbergvirus.

    Link to website of the Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (nVWA); the text of required certificates is in Dutch, English and/or local languages).

    Note: these are not "EU certificates" or "Dutch certificates", these are certificates required by the importing country and indeed issued by the exporting country, which follows the requirements of the importing country.

    See also ProMED-mail posts :




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  • Gert van der Hoek
    Re: Schmallenberg Virus - International impact

    Importing countries demand double PCR test before import of cattle

    Regarding the question raised in the previous post by ProMED:

    most importing countries demand a PCR test. If the results are negative a "Schmallenberg clearance" will be issued and attached to the Health Certificate.

    See for instance an example (Egypt) from the website of the Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (nVWA):

    Bijlage 2: verklaring Schmallenbergvirus

    1) Annex to the veterinary health certificate with nr / Bijlage bij diergezondheidscertificaat nr.:

    Exportation of female breeding cattle from the Kingdom of The Netherlands to the Arab Republic of Egypt
    Uitvoer van fokrunderen vanuit het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden naar Egypte

    I the undersigned, official veterinarian, certify that the animals listed in the abovementioned
    Ik ondergetekende, officieel dierenarts, bevestig dat de in het bovengenoemde certificaat
    genoemde dieren:

    1. Originate from herds and farms from which no case of the Schmallenberg virus (SBV) has been
    officially notified /

    afkomstig zijn uit veestapels en boerderijen waar geen geval (infectie of ziekte) van het
    Schmallenbergvirus (SBV) officieel is gemeld;

    2. Were tested with negative results on SBV using two PCR tests within the quarantaine /
    gedurende de quarantaine tweemaal getest zijn op SBV door middel van een PCR test, met
    negatief resultaat.

    3. Are subject to measures, during their entire stay at the collection centre/quarantine station, aimed
    to protect them against insect vectors, which can transmit the SBV /
    onderworpen zijn aan maatregelen, die er op gericht zijn hen gedurende de totale duur van hun
    verblijf op de verzamelplaats/in het quarantainestation te beschermen tegen vectoren die het
    Schmallenbergvirus kunnen overbrengen.

    Notes / voetnoten:

    1) This attachment is part of the veterinary health certificate and must be attached to it in an indivisible manner /
    Deze bijlage maakt deel uit van het diergezondheidscertificaat en moet daaraan ondeelbaar worden gehecht.

    2) The colour of the official seal and the signature must be different from the colour of printing of the certificate /
    De kleur van het officiële stempel en van de handtekening moet anders zijn dan van de drukinkt van het

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