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Schmallenberg virus, Italy (OIE, February 20 2012, edited): 1st Report

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  • Schmallenberg virus, Italy (OIE, February 20 2012, edited): 1st Report

    [Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


    Schmallenberg virus, Italy


    Information received on 20/02/2012 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
    • Summary
      • Report type Immediate notification
      • Start date 06/02/2012
      • Date of first confirmation of the event 16/02/2012
      • Report date 20/02/2012
      • Date submitted to OIE 20/02/2012
      • Reason for notification Emerging disease
        • Morbidity 1 scale05
        • Mortality 1 scale05
      • Zoonotic impact No
      • Causal agent Schmallenberg virus
    • New outbreaks
      • Outbreak 1 (IT Sch 01) - Sarmede, Treviso, VENETO
        • Date of start of the outbreak 06/02/2012
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Farm
        • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Cattle 1 0 0 0 0
          • Goats 6 1 1 0 0
          • Affected Population:
            • The number of susceptible animals is the number of breeding goats (1 male - 5 females) present on the farm.
            • A pregnant goat delivered one healthy small sized kid and due to some complications died the day after.
            • At necropsy a dystocic malformed foetus was found, which resulted positive.
            • It was not possible to perform diagnostic examinations on the dead goat.
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Cattle - 0.00% - 0.00% ** - 0.00%
        • Goats - 16.67% - 16.67% - 100.00% - 16.67%
        • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
    • Epidemiological comments
      • The breeding goats present on the farm were born on 1 February 2011 and introduced on 27 April 2011.
      • The bovine was introduced on 12 December 2011 from an Italian farm.
      • No other movements or aborted/malformed foetus were recently registered.
    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • No vaccination
        • No treatment of affected animals
      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures
    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZS), Teramo (National laboratory)
        • Tests and results: Species Test - Test date Result
          • Goats - polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 16/02/2012 Positive
    • Future Reporting
      • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
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