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Italy - Outbreaks of anthrax in animals

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  • Italy - Outbreaks of anthrax in animals

    Anthrax,
    Italy
    Information received on 06/09/2016 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 18/07/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 18/07/2016
    Report date 06/09/2016
    Date submitted to OIE 06/09/2016
    Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 13/07/2016
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 L''AQUILA, Prezza, ABRUZZO
    Date of start of the outbreak 18/07/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 188 3 3
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 188 3 3
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Sheep 1.60% 1.60% 100.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Sheep bacteriological examination 18/07/2016 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=20920
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Anthrax,
    Italy
    Information received on 16/09/2016 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 03/09/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 05/09/2016
    Report date 16/09/2016
    Date submitted to OIE 16/09/2016
    Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 07/2005
    Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
    Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 ROMA, Valmontone, LAZIO
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/09/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 680 2 2
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 680 2 2
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Sheep 0.29% 0.29% 100.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Sheep pathogenic agent isolation on culture 05/09/2016 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=20990
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      Anthrax,
      Italy
      Information received on 03/10/2016 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
      Summary
      Report type Immediate notification
      Date of start of the event 22/09/2016
      Date of confirmation of the event 30/09/2016
      Report date 03/10/2016
      Date submitted to OIE 03/10/2016
      Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 20/09/2016
      Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
      Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      New outbreaks (1)
      Outbreak 1 CATANIA, Maniace, SICILIA
      Date of start of the outbreak 22/09/2016
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Farm
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
      Cattle 59 1 1 0 0
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
      Cattle 59 1 1 0 0
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Cattle 1.69% 1.69% 100.00% 1.69%
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
        Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
        SICILIA Cattle 49 Live modified vaccine, Sterne strain 34F2 (ANTRAVAX)
      • Disinfection / Disinfestation
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 30/09/2016 Positive
      Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 30/09/2016 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      ...
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=21143
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Anthrax,
        Italy
        Information received on 17/10/2016 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
        Summary
        Report type Follow-up report No. 3
        Date of start of the event 22/09/2016
        Date of confirmation of the event 30/09/2016
        Report date 17/10/2016
        Date submitted to OIE 17/10/2016
        Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
        Date of previous occurrence 20/09/2016
        Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
        Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
        Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
        This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
        Related reports Immediate notification (03/10/2016)
        Follow-up report No. 1 (10/10/2016)
        Follow-up report No. 2 (12/10/2016)
        Follow-up report No. 3 (17/10/2016)
        New outbreaks (1)
        Outbreak 1 CATANIA, Bronte, SICILIA
        Date of start of the outbreak 08/10/2016
        Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        Epidemiological unit Farm
        Affected animals
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        Cattle 108 3 3 0 0
        Sheep 15 0 0 0 0
        Affected population The animals have been subjected to vaccination on October 6th, 2016 with live modified vaccine Antravax.
        Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
        Total animals affected
        Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        Cattle 108 3 3 0 0
        Sheep 15 0 0 0 0
        Outbreak statistics
        Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        Cattle 2.78% 2.78% 100.00% 2.78%
        Sheep 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
        *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
        Epidemiology
        Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
        Control measures
        Measures applied
        • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
          Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
          SICILIA Cattle 49 Live modified vaccine, Sterne strain 34F2 (ANTRAVAX)
        • Disinfection / Disinfestation
        • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
        • Treatment of affected animals ( )
        Measures to be applied
        • No other measures
        Diagnostic test results
        Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
        Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 14/10/2016 Positive
        Future Reporting
        The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
        ...
        http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=21284
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          Anthrax,
          Italy
          Information received on 31/08/2017 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
          Summary
          Report type Immediate notification
          Date of start of the event 26/08/2017
          Date of confirmation of the event 29/08/2017
          Report date 31/08/2017
          Date submitted to OIE 31/08/2017
          Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
          Date of previous occurrence 12/2016
          Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
          Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
          Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
          This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
          New outbreaks (1)
          Outbreak 1 (ANTH_1_RM_2017) Rocca di Papa, ROMA, LAZIO
          Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2017
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Cattle 73 9 9 0 0
          Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
          Total animals affected
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Cattle 73 9 9 0 0
          Outbreak statistics
          Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          Cattle 12.33% 12.33% 100.00% 12.33%
          *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          Epidemiology
          Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
          • Unknown or inconclusive
          Control measures
          Measures applied
          • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
          • Disinfection
          • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
          • No treatment of affected animals
          Measures to be applied
          • No other measures
          Diagnostic test results
          Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
          Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 29/08/2017 Positive
          Experimental Zooprophilactic Institute - Foggia (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 29/08/2017 Positive
          Future Reporting
          The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
          ...
          http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=24702
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            Anthrax,
            Italy
            Information received on 16/03/2018 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
            Summary
            Report type Immediate notification
            Date of start of the event 10/03/2018
            Date of confirmation of the event 12/03/2018
            Report date 16/03/2018
            Date submitted to OIE 16/03/2018
            Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
            Date of previous occurrence 10/10/2017
            Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
            Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
            Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
            This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
            New outbreaks (1)
            Outbreak 1 (ANTH_1_RM_2018) Frascati, ROMA, LAZIO
            Date of start of the outbreak 10/03/2018
            Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
            Epidemiological unit Other
            Affected animals
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Cattle 195 1 1 0 0
            Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
            Total animals affected
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Cattle 195 1 1 0 0
            Outbreak statistics
            Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
            Cattle 0.51% 0.51% 100.00% 0.51%
            *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            Epidemiology
            Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
            • Unknown or inconclusive
            Epidemiological comments The animal was found dead in a free ranging area.
            Control measures
            Measures applied
            • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
            • Vaccination prohibited
            • No treatment of affected animals
            Measures to be applied
            • No other measures
            Diagnostic test results
            Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
            Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Lazio and Tuscany - Roma (National laboratory) Cattle microscopic examination 12/03/2018 Positive
            Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Lazio and Tuscany - Roma (National laboratory) Cattle pathogen isolation on cell culture 12/03/2018 Positive
            Future Reporting
            The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
            ...
            http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=26195
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              Anthrax,
              Italy
              Information received on 17/07/2018 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
              Summary
              Report type Immediate notification
              Date of start of the event 20/06/2018
              Date of confirmation of the event 09/07/2018
              Report date 17/07/2018
              Date submitted to OIE 17/07/2018
              Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
              Date of previous occurrence 16/04/2018
              Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
              Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
              Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
              This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
              New outbreaks (1)
              Outbreak 1 (ANTH_2_BN_2018) Bonea, BENEVENTO, Campania
              Date of start of the outbreak 20/06/2018
              Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
              Epidemiological unit Farm
              Affected animals
              Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
              Goats 160 1 1
              Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
              Total animals affected
              Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
              Goats 160 1 1
              Outbreak statistics
              Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
              Goats 0.63% 0.63% 100.00% **
              *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
              **Not calculated because of missing information
              Epidemiology
              Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
              • Unknown or inconclusive
              Control measures
              Measures applied
              • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
              • Disinfection
              • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
              • No treatment of affected animals
              Measures to be applied
              • No other measures
              Diagnostic test results
              Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
              Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Puglia and Basilicata - Foggia (National laboratory) Goats real-time PCR 09/07/2018 Positive
              Future Reporting
              The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
              ...
              http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27266
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8
                Anthrax,
                Italy
                Information received on 24/09/2018 from Dr Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy
                Summary
                Report type Immediate notification
                Date of start of the event 14/09/2018
                Date of confirmation of the event 18/09/2018
                Report date 24/09/2018
                Date submitted to OIE 24/09/2018
                Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
                Date of previous occurrence 16/04/2018
                Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
                Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
                Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
                This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
                New outbreaks (2)
                Outbreak 1 (ANTH_4_ME_2018) Montalbano Elicona, MESSINA, Sicilia
                Date of start of the outbreak 14/09/2018
                Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
                Epidemiological unit Farm
                Affected animals
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Cattle 49 1 1
                Sheep 155
                Outbreak 2 (ANTH_3_ME_2018) Santa Domenica Vittoria, MESSINA, Sicilia
                Date of start of the outbreak 14/09/2018
                Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
                Epidemiological unit Farm
                Affected animals
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Cattle 70 2 2
                Affected population The breeding farm with positive result and the neighboring farms have been subjected to vaccination on 19/09/2018.
                Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
                Total animals affected
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Cattle 119 3 3
                Sheep 155 **
                Outbreak statistics
                Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
                Cattle 2.52% 2.52% 100.00% **
                Sheep ** ** ** **
                *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
                **Not calculated because of missing information
                Epidemiology
                Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
                • Unknown or inconclusive
                Control measures
                Measures applied
                • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
                • Disinfection
                • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
                • No treatment of affected animals
                Measures to be applied
                • No other measures
                Diagnostic test results
                Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
                Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicilia - Barcellona (Local laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 18/09/2018 Positive
                Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Sicilia - Barcellona (Local laboratory) Cattle pathogenic agent isolation on culture 21/09/2018 Positive
                Future Reporting
                The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
                ...
                http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=28054
                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment

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