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Bird flu breaks out in Uganda - OIE confirms HP H5N8

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Uganda Bird Flu Strain May Spread in Lake Victoria Region

    by Matthew Hill
    February 1, 2017, 12:21 PM CST
    ...
    An outbreak of avian influenza in Uganda that’s killed migratory birds on the shores of Africa’s biggest lake may spread to other countries in the region.

    The virus that has killed at least 1,200 wild birds on the shores of Lake Victoria has been confirmed to be H5N8, Nicholas Kauta, a council member at the World Organization for Animal Health, said Wednesday in e-mailed comments.

    “The migratory birds affected tend to occupy beaches, hence the fear that the entire Lake Victoria ‘coastline’ and neighboring water bodies are risky spots,” said Kauta...
    ...
    The white-winged tern, the bird species infected in Uganda, has a large range and migrates from Europe during the winter. The country shares Lake Victoria with Kenya and Tanzania. The disease also infected a limited number of domestic fowls, the Ugandan government said in a Jan. 23 statement.

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/artic...ictoria-region

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Bird Flu: Strain found in Uganda is less lethal

    By Gerald Tenywa
    Added 30th January 2017 06:16 PM

    The strain of Avian Influenza that is behind the massive death of wild migratory birds along the shores of Lake Victoria is not as lethal as earlier thought.

    According to Dr. Anthony Mbonye, Director Health Service (Clinical and Community Health), the strain of Avian Influenza also known as bird flu is H5N8 and not H5N1.

    Mbonye stated that the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries had earlier confirmed the outbreak of bird flu and previously stated that it was H5N1.

    “Laboratory results from the Uganda Virus Institute confirmed presence of H5N8 of Avian Influenza in all the samples collected, both domestic and wild migratory birds from Lutembe shores in Wakiso, and Bukakata in Masaka districts,” stated Mbonye.

    He added, “The H5N8 is a sub-type of Influenza A (called bird flu virus). H5N8 is considered as less pathogenic sub types for humans and no human cases have been confirmed in the past.”
    ...

    http://www.newvision.co.ug/new_visio...-uganda-lethal

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
    Uganda
    Information received on 27/01/2017 from Dr Nicholas Kauta, Director Animal Resources, Department of Livestock Health Health and Entomology , Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 1
    Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
    Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2017
    Report date 27/01/2017
    Date submitted to OIE 27/01/2017
    Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    Serotype H5N8
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    Related reports Immediate notification (15/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (27/01/2017)
    Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments Avian influenza (H5N8 strain) was detected and reported for the first time on 15 January 2017 in migratory birds, white-winged terns (Chlidonias leucopterus) at Lutembe beach, Kajjansi town council (Wakiso district) and in Kachanga village, Bukakata sub-county (Masaka district). An unconfirmed number of migratory birds have since then been reported to have died in Lutembe and Ddewe landing sites around Lake Victoria shores. In addition, white-winged terns, domestic ducks and chickens have been reported dead in different places in Bukakata (Masaka district) and Kalangala district. The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has informed the public that the risk to public health from the event is very low. All poultry farmers have been advised to take biosecurity and biosafety measures to control the outbreaks. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries has embarked on sensitizing, educating and training the high risk communities on the safety measures for limiting and controlling the outbreaks and a 3km (1.8 mile) quarantine/protection zone and 10 km (6.2 miles) surveillance zones have been put in place to prevent the spread of disease. A multi-spectral one health/eco health approach has been put in place to undertake investigations.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Quarantine
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    National Animal Disease Diagnostic and Epidemiology Center (National laboratory) White-winged Tern reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 25/01/2017 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=22483

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  • Pathfinder
    replied

    Leave a comment:


  • Pathfinder
    replied

    ...
    https://www.facebook.com/76794952325...type=3&theater

    https://www.facebook.com/Ministry-of...7949523254855/

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds),
    Uganda
    Information received on 16/01/2017 from Dr Nicholas Kauta, Director Animal Resources, Department of Livestock Health Health and Entomology , Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
    Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2017
    Report date 15/01/2017
    Date submitted to OIE 16/01/2017
    Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    Serotype H5
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (2)
    Outbreak 1 Kachanga, Bukibanga, Bukakata, Masaka
    Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Village
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    White-winged Tern:Chlidonias leucopterus(Laridae) 1000 600 0 0
    Outbreak 2 Lutembe, Wakiso
    Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Village
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    White-winged Tern:Chlidonias leucopterus(Laridae) 1000 600 0 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    White-winged Tern:Chlidonias leucopterus(Laridae) 2000 1200 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    White-winged Tern:Chlidonias leucopterus(Laridae) ** ** 60.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Contact with wild species
    Epidemiological comments There are still continuous deaths of wild ducks and birds along the shores and islands of Lake Victoria in Masaka and Wakiso districts. In Masaka alone, wild and domestic birds are dying at alarming numbers and in Lutembe wetland white-winged terns are the ones dying. This is already a big threat to over thirty million domestic poultry in Uganda which calls for an urgent response to control the spread of the disease from wild birds to domestic birds.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Screening
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Quarantine
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=22378

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Uganda
    Information received on 16/01/2017 from Dr Nicholas Kauta, Director Animal Resources, Department of Livestock Health Health and Entomology , Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Entebbe, Uganda
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 02/01/2017
    Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2017
    Report date 15/01/2017
    Date submitted to OIE 16/01/2017
    Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Kachanga, Bukibanga, Bukakata, Masaka
    Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Village
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Birds 30000 20 7 0 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Birds 30000 20 7 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 0.07% 0.02% 35.00% 0.02%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Contact with wild species
    Epidemiological comments There are still continuous deaths of wild ducks and birds along the shores and islands of Lake Victoria in Masaka and Wakiso districts. In Masaka alone, wild and domestic birds are dying at alarming numbers and in Lutembe wetland white-winged terns are the ones dying. This is already a big threat to over thirty million domestic poultry in Uganda which calls for an urgent response to control the spread of the disease from wild birds to domestic birds.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Screening
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Quarantine
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=22359

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    January 15, 2017

    Outbreak of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in wild and domestic birds

    Speech for the Honorable Minister of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries during communication of outbreak of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) outbreak in wild and domestic bird in Uganda 15th January 2017.

    2017-01-15-11-36-36

    Ladies and Gentlemen

    I am honoured to have this opportunity to inform you of an eminent catastrophe faces the people of our country.

    My Ministry was on the 2nd January 2017 informed by Uganda Wildlife Education Center (UWEC) of a report of mass death of wild birds seen by fishermen at Lutembe beach at the shores of Lake Victoria near Entebbe. Another report was also received on 13th January 2017 from Masaka district.

    UWEC communicated to Uganda Government Chemist and the Commissioner of Animal Health (CAH) of my Ministry.

    My Ministry immediately sent a team to investigate the mass bird death together with a team from government chemist and UWEC.

    The specimen unfortunately have turned positive to the very serious disease The Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), that affects both humans and animals and which causes high number of deaths in both species.

    Things that the public needs to immediately know are:
    • The Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is commonly referred to as AVIAN FLU or AVIAN INFLUENZA;
    • This is the first time AVIAN FLU or AVIAN INFLUENZA breaks out in Uganda;
    • HPAI affects humans, birds and animals;
    • However, the species that are so far affected are white winged black tern birds and domestic ducks and chicken;
    • 7 specimen of the white winged black tern birds have been collected from Lutembe beach and all the 7 are positive for the deadly disease;
    • 2 specimen of feaces picked from the ground just dropped by birds flying away from Lutembe beach were also positive for HPAI;
    • 5 domestic duck and 1 hen specimen were brought in from Masaka district were too are positive to HPAI;
    • Diagnosis was undertaken by the National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre (NADDEC) MAAIF;
    • Diagnosis was confirmed by the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) MOH;
    • There is a National Task Force (NTF) which is multi disciplinary with human and animal experts from government, agencies and NGO that is usually called upon to handle outbreaks of diseases that affect both humans and animals. The NTF is anchored at OPM and is co-chaired by MAAIF and MOH;
    • The NTF has experience and has competence to handle such outbreaks, and therefore the situation is under control;
    Advice to the people:
    • Report any cases of mass birds, animal, both domestic and wild to any government authority nearest to you, but especially the veterinary authorities;
    • Report any cases of sickness or death of humans to the nearest human health facility (Hospital, clinic) or to the MOH;
    • Bird owners MUST house them, avoiding interaction between domestic and wild birds and animals;
    • People MUST not touch or eat wild birds or other wild animals that are found dead, they should instead report to the nearest veterinary authority.

    What my Ministry is going to do
    • Together with MOH, UWEC, UWA, Districts and all other stakeholders will;
    o Immediately inform the public to avert any human catastrophe from human infections;
    o Calm the population through providing accurate information and facts about HPAI;
    o Intensify meetings and actions of the National Task Force on disease;
    • Continues with further investigations and prevention of spread of HPAI to domestic animals and possibly to humans;
    • Continue providing information to the public;
    • Plan to control HPAI in domestic animals and humans.

    Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,
    This country is faced by looming catastrophe of an outbreak of HPAI currently in wild birds and has already affected some domestic birds in Masaka district;
    I am calling up on all of us to actively participate by being alert of the situation and sharing this information. I also ask you to follow instructions as provided by professionals to save our people, poultry, animals and wild life.

    TOGETHER WE WIN

    I SAY ALL THIS FOR GOD AND MY COUTRY

    https://ugandamediacentreblog.wordpr...omestic-birds/

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  • Pathfinder
    replied
    Translation Google

    Uganda-Health-Avian Influenza

    Uganda struck by bird flu epidemic

    Jan 15, 2017 8
    APA-Kampala (Uganda)

    Cases of highly pathogenic and lethal avian influenza (HPAI) affecting wild and domestic birds have been detected in parts of Uganda, the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Fisheries announced on Sunday.

    According to a ministry statement, the death of a large number of wild birds was reported for the first time by the Uganda Wildlife Education Center (UWEC) on 2 January in Lutembe on the Lake Victoria near Entebbe.

    According to surveys conducted by the Department of Animal Health, all specimens of black-winged white-winged birds at Lutembe Beach have been positive for avian influenza.

    In addition, two species of fish found in the soil after they have been dropped by birds are also positive for HPAI, the statement said.

    This is the first time that Uganda has recorded an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).

    In response to the situation, the ministry advised Ugandans to report any cases of massive deaths of birds, domestic or wild, to the nearest governmental authority.

    Poultry owners were encouraged to avoid contact between poultry and wild birds.


    CN / abj / pn / od / APA

    http://www.apanews.net/index.php/fr/...grippe-aviaire

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  • Treyfish
    replied
    crof
    Bird Flu Breaks Out in Entebbe, Masaka


    Posted by Uganda Today on Jan 15, 2017


    The Minister of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Hon Vincent Ssempijja has Sunday morning confirmed reports of the break out of the deadly, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (Bird flu) in the districts of Entebbe and Masaka.
    The disease cases, according to Hon Ssempijja were first reported by the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre (UWEC) on January 2nd after mass deaths of wild birds seen by fishermen at Lutembe beach at the shores of Lake Victoria near Entebbe.
    Other reports would later come in on January 13th indicating death of domesticated birds in Masaka District.
    “After consultations with the Government Chemist and the Commissioner of Animal Health (CAH) in the Ministry, samples were taken from the dead birds and their stool all of which tested positive with Avian Influenza,” said Ssempijja...http://www.theugandatoday.com/health...ntebbe-masaka/

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  • Treyfish
    started a topic Bird flu breaks out in Uganda - OIE confirms HP H5N8

    Bird flu breaks out in Uganda - OIE confirms HP H5N8

    Bird flu breaks out in Uganda
    2017-01-15 04:31:54
    KAMPALA, Jan. 14 (Xinhua) -- Birdflu has broken out in the central part of Uganda, a senior ministry of agriculture official said on Saturday.
    Connie Acayo, the spokesperson of the ministry told Xinhua by telephone that confirmatory test of dead birds on Lutembe beach on the shores of Lake Victoria and in Masaka district showed that the disease had broken out.
    "It is a very serious disease and the minister of agriculture will be issuing out a statement on Sunday," she said.
    She added that government is going to issue precautionary measures to prevent the disease from spreading further...http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/20..._135982837.htm
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