Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

South Africa - Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N6 in poultry and wild birds 2023-2024

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • South Africa - Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N6 in poultry and wild birds 2023-2024

    South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Immediate notification

    GENERAL INFORMATION
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    5095

    DISEASE
    High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    Pending

    START DATE
    2023/05/29

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    New strain in the country

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
    -

    CONFIRMATION DATE
    2023/06/15

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE
    -

    SELF-DECLARATION
    NO

    REPORT INFORMATION
    REPORT NUMBER
    Immediate notification

    REPORT ID
    IN_161475

    REPORT REFERENCE
    HPAI_H7_2023_IN

    REPORT DATE
    2023/06/23

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT
    -

    EPIDEMIOLOGY
    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Birds (DOMESTIC)
    NEW 9500
    2660 2660 6040 0 0
    TOTAL 9500 2660 2660 6040 0 0​
    ...

    NEW OUTBREAKS
    OB_120706 - HPAI_H7_2023_002 - HPAI_H7_2023_002

    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    HPAI_H7_2023_002

    START DATE
    2023/06/02

    END DATE
    -

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Mpumalanga

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Nkangala

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Victor Khanye

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
    Farm

    LOCATION
    HPAI_H7_2023_002

    Latitude, Longitude
    -26.2 , 28.6

    (Approximate location)
    OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
    -

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    -

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Birds (DOMESTIC)
    Poultry

    NEW 2000 1200 1200 0 0 0
    TOTAL 2000 1200 1200 0 0 0​
    ...

    OB_120704 - HPAI_H7_2023_001 - HPAI_H7_2023_001
    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    HPAI_H7_2023_001

    START DATE
    2023/05/29

    END DATE
    -

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Mpumalanga

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Nkangala

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Victor Khanye

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
    Farm

    LOCATION
    HPAI_H7_2023_001

    Latitude, Longitude
    -26.2 , 28.6

    (Approximate location)
    OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
    -

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    -

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Birds (DOMESTIC)
    Poultry
    NEW 7500
    1460 1460 6040 0 0
    TOTAL 7500 1460 1460 6040 0 0​


    ...
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    27 Jun

    Bird flu: Super-infectious SA strain emerges in Mpumalanga

    Nick Wilson

    SA's top poultry body has confirmed two Mpumalanga farms experienced an outbreak of the highly infectious H7 avian flu strain, which is different from the H5N1 one that wiped out more than a million birds in the Western Cape the past few months.
    ...
    The latest outbreak began on a small farm in Delmas about two weeks ago before spreading to a larger commercial farm in that area.
    ...
    According to Breitenbach, the poultry that died would have either been deliberately culled or perished from the virus, adding that SA had a "stamp-out policy" that would see poultry culled within a 3km radius of the infections.

    Breitenbach, who added he had been told that as many as 3 000 birds had died on the smaller farm, said the H7 strain was also a uniquely South African one that is "not found anywhere else in the world".
    ...
    Department of Agriculture spokesperson Reggie Ngcobo said the H7 strain was detected in samples collected at the beginning of June "from a commercial layer facility and a nearby emerging farmer" in "both layers and multi-age broiler chickens".

    Ngcobo said apart from the two incidents on these farms, a "third suspected outbreak is being investigated".


    SA's top poultry body has confirmed two Mpumalanga farms experienced an outbreak of the highly infectious H7 avian flu strain, which is different from the H5N1 one that wiped out more than a million birds in the Western Cape the past few months.
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 1

      GENERAL INFORMATION
      COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
      COUNTRY/TERRITORY

      ANIMAL TYPE
      TERRESTRIAL

      DISEASE CATEGORY
      Listed disease

      EVENT ID
      5095

      DISEASE
      High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

      CAUSAL AGENT
      Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

      GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
      Pending

      START DATE
      2023/05/29

      REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
      New strain in the country

      DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
      -

      CONFIRMATION DATE
      2023/06/15

      EVENT STATUS
      On-going

      END DATE
      -

      SELF-DECLARATION
      NO

      REPORT INFORMATION
      REPORT NUMBER
      Follow-up report 1

      REPORT ID
      FUR_161699

      REPORT REFERENCE
      HPAI_H7_2023_FU1

      REPORT DATE
      2023/07/12

      REPORT STATUS
      Validated

      NO EVOLUTION REPORT
      -

      EPIDEMIOLOGY
      SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
      Unknown or inconclusive

      EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
      Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.


      QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
      MEASURING UNIT
      Animal

      SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
      Birds (DOMESTIC)
      NEW 215043 2139 2139 212904 0 0
      TOTAL 224543 4799 4799 218944 0 0​

      ...

      NEW OUTBREAKS

      OUTBREAK REFERENCE
      HPAI_H7_2023_003


      START DATE
      2023/06/12

      END DATE
      -

      DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
      -

      FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
      Gauteng

      SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
      Ekurhuleni

      THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
      Ekurhuleni

      EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
      Farm

      LOCATION
      HPAI_H7_2023_003

      Latitude, Longitude
      -26.2 , 28.5

      (Approximate location)
      OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
      -

      MEASURING UNIT
      Animal

      AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
      -

      SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
      Birds (DOMESTIC)
      Poultry
      NEW 215043
      2139 2139 212904 0 0
      TOTAL 215043 2139 2139 212904 0 0
      ...

      PREVIOUSLY REPORTED OUTBREAKS

      OB_120706 - HPAI_H7_2023_002 - HPAI_H7_2023_002
      OB_120704 - HPAI_H7_2023_001 - HPAI_H7_2023_001​
      ...
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4

        South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 2

        GENERAL INFORMATION
        COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
        COUNTRY/TERRITORY

        ANIMAL TYPE
        TERRESTRIAL

        DISEASE CATEGORY
        Listed disease

        EVENT ID
        5095

        DISEASE
        High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

        CAUSAL AGENT
        Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

        GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
        Pending

        START DATE
        2023/05/29

        REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
        New strain in the country

        DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
        -

        CONFIRMATION DATE
        2023/06/15

        EVENT STATUS
        On-going

        END DATE
        -

        SELF-DECLARATION
        NO

        REPORT INFORMATION
        REPORT NUMBER
        Follow-up report 2

        REPORT ID
        FUR_161897

        REPORT REFERENCE
        HPAI_H7_2023_FU2

        REPORT DATE
        2023/07/24

        REPORT STATUS
        Validated

        NO EVOLUTION REPORT
        -

        EPIDEMIOLOGY
        SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
        Unknown or inconclusive

        EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
        Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.
        ...

        NEW OUTBREAKS

        OB_122005 - HPAI_H7_2023_004 - HPAI_H7_2023_004

        OUTBREAK REFERENCE
        HPAI_H7_2023_004

        START DATE
        2023/06/14

        END DATE
        -

        DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
        -

        FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
        Mpumalanga

        SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
        Nkangala

        THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
        Victor Khanye

        EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
        Farm

        LOCATION
        HPAI_H7_2023_004

        Latitude, Longitude
        -26.2 , 28.6

        (Approximate location)
        OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
        -

        MEASURING UNIT
        Animal

        AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
        -

        SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
        Birds (DOMESTIC)
        Poultry
        NEW 180000
        1470 1470 0 0 0
        TOTAL 180000 1470 1470 0 0 0

        ...

        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 3

          GENERAL INFORMATION
          COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
          COUNTRY/TERRITORY

          ANIMAL TYPE
          TERRESTRIAL

          DISEASE CATEGORY
          Listed disease

          EVENT ID
          5095

          DISEASE
          High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

          CAUSAL AGENT
          Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

          GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
          Pending

          START DATE
          2023/05/29

          REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
          New strain in the country

          DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
          -

          CONFIRMATION DATE
          2023/06/15

          EVENT STATUS
          On-going

          END DATE
          -

          SELF-DECLARATION
          NO

          REPORT INFORMATION
          REPORT NUMBER
          Follow-up report 3

          REPORT ID
          FUR_162167

          REPORT REFERENCE
          HPAI_H7_2023_FU3

          REPORT DATE
          2023/08/18

          REPORT STATUS
          Validated

          NO EVOLUTION REPORT
          -

          EPIDEMIOLOGY
          SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
          Unknown or inconclusive

          EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
          Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.


          QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
          MEASURING UNIT
          Animal

          SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
          Birds (DOMESTIC)
          NEW 688991
          33553 33553 25081 0 0
          TOTAL 1093534 39822 39822 244025 0 0​
          ...

          NEW OUTBREAKS

          OB_123136 - HPAI_H7_2023_010 - HPAI_H7_2023_010
          OB_123135 - HPAI_H7_2023_009 - HPAI_H7_2023_009
          OB_123134 - HPAI_H7_2023_008 - HPAI_H7_2023_008
          OB_123133 - HPAI_H7_2023_007 - HPAI_H7_2023_007
          OB_123132 - HPAI_H7_2023_006 - HPAI_H7_2023_006
          OB_123131 - HPAI_H7_2023_005 - HPAI_H7_2023_005

          ...
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 4

            GENERAL INFORMATION
            COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
            COUNTRY/TERRITORY

            ANIMAL TYPE
            TERRESTRIAL

            DISEASE CATEGORY
            Listed disease

            EVENT ID
            5095

            DISEASE
            High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

            CAUSAL AGENT
            Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

            GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
            Pending

            START DATE
            2023/05/29

            REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
            New strain in the country

            DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
            -

            CONFIRMATION DATE
            2023/06/15

            EVENT STATUS
            On-going

            END DATE
            -

            SELF-DECLARATION
            NO

            REPORT INFORMATION
            REPORT NUMBER
            Follow-up report 4

            REPORT ID
            FUR_162394

            REPORT REFERENCE
            HPAI_H7_2023_FU4

            REPORT DATE
            2023/08/22

            REPORT STATUS
            Validated

            NO EVOLUTION REPORT
            -

            EPIDEMIOLOGY
            SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
            Unknown or inconclusive

            EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
            Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.


            QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
            MEASURING UNIT
            Animal

            SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
            Birds (DOMESTIC)
            NEW 945100
            36137 36137 110085 0 0
            TOTAL 2038634 75959 75959 354110 0 0​

            DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS
            CLINICAL SIGNS
            YES
            ...

            NEW OUTBREAKS

            OB_124205 - HPAI_H7_2023_023 - HPAI_H7_2023_023
            OB_124191 - HPAI_H7_2023_012 - HPAI_H7_2023_012
            OB_124204 - HPAI_H7_2023_022 - HPAI_H7_2023_022
            OB_124203 - HPAI_H7_2023_021 - HPAI_H7_2023_021
            OB_124202 - HPAI_H7_2023_020 - HPAI_H7_2023_020
            OB_124201 - HPAI_H7_2023_019 - HPAI_H7_2023_019
            OB_124200 - HPAI_H7_2023_018 - HPAI_H7_2023_018
            OB_124198 - HPAI_H7_2023_017 - HPAI_H7_2023_017
            OB_124197 - HPAI_H7_2023_016 - HPAI_H7_2023_016
            OB_124196 - HPAI_H7_2023_015 - HPAI_H7_2023_015
            OB_124195 - HPAI_H7_2023_014 - HPAI_H7_2023_014
            OB_124194 - HPAI_H7_2023_013 - HPAI_H7_2023_013
            OB_124188 - HPAI_H7_2023_011 - HPAI_H7_2023_011

            ...
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 5

              GENERAL INFORMATION
              COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
              COUNTRY/TERRITORY

              ANIMAL TYPE
              TERRESTRIAL

              DISEASE CATEGORY
              Listed disease

              EVENT ID
              5095

              DISEASE
              High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

              CAUSAL AGENT
              Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

              GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
              Pending

              START DATE
              2023/05/29

              REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
              New strain in the country

              DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
              -

              CONFIRMATION DATE
              2023/06/15

              EVENT STATUS
              On-going

              END DATE
              -

              SELF-DECLARATION
              NO

              REPORT INFORMATION
              REPORT NUMBER
              Follow-up report 5

              REPORT ID
              FUR_162508

              REPORT REFERENCE
              HPAI_H7_2023_FU5

              REPORT DATE
              2023/08/30

              REPORT STATUS
              Validated

              NO EVOLUTION REPORT
              -

              EPIDEMIOLOGY
              SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
              Unknown or inconclusive

              EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
              Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

              QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
              MEASURING UNIT
              Animal

              SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
              Birds (DOMESTIC)
              NEW 347215
              9134 8990 309693 0 0
              TOTAL 2385849 85093 84949 663803 0 0​
              ...

              NEW OUTBREAKS

              OB_124401 - HPAI_H7_2023_030 - HPAI_H7_2023_030
              OB_124400 - HPAI_H7_2023_029 - HPAI_H7_2023_029
              OB_124399 - HPAI_H7_2023_028 - HPAI_H7_2023_028
              OB_124397 - HPAI_H7_2023_026 - HPAI_H7_2023_026
              OB_124396 - HPAI_H7_2023_025 - HPAI_H7_2023_025
              OB_124395 - HPAI_H7_2023_024 - HPAI_H7_2023_024

              UPDATED OUTBREAKS

              OB_123136 - HPAI_H7_2023_010 - HPAI_H7_2023_010
              ...
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8
                South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 6

                GENERAL INFORMATION
                COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
                COUNTRY/TERRITORY

                ANIMAL TYPE
                TERRESTRIAL

                DISEASE CATEGORY
                Listed disease

                EVENT ID
                5095

                DISEASE
                High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

                CAUSAL AGENT
                Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

                GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
                H7N6

                START DATE
                2023/05/29

                REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
                New strain in the country

                DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
                -

                CONFIRMATION DATE
                2023/06/15

                EVENT STATUS
                On-going

                END DATE
                -

                SELF-DECLARATION
                NO

                REPORT INFORMATION
                REPORT NUMBER
                Follow-up report 6

                REPORT ID
                FUR_162624

                REPORT REFERENCE
                HPAI_H7_2023_FU6

                REPORT DATE
                2023/09/06

                REPORT STATUS
                Validated

                NO EVOLUTION REPORT
                -

                EPIDEMIOLOGY
                SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
                Unknown or inconclusive

                EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
                Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

                QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
                MEASURING UNIT
                Animal

                SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
                Birds (DOMESTIC)
                NEW 663118
                1903 1401 227359 0 0
                TOTAL 3048967 86996 86350 891162 0 0​


                NEW OUTBREAKS

                OB_124624 - HPAI_H7_2023_040 - HPAI_H7_2023_040
                OB_124623 - HPAI_H7_2023_039 - HPAI_H7_2023_039
                OB_124620 - HPAI_H7_2023_038 - HPAI_H7_2023_038
                OB_124619 - HPAI_H7_2023_037 - HPAI_H7_2023_037
                OB_124618 - HPAI_H7_2023_036 - HPAI_H7_2023_036
                OB_124617 - HPAI_H7_2023_035 - HPAI_H7_2023_035
                OB_124616 - HPAI_H7_2023_034 - HPAI_H7_2023_034
                OB_124615 - HPAI_H7_2023_033 - HPAI_H7_2023_033
                OB_124614 - HPAI_H7_2023_032 - HPAI_H7_2023_032
                OB_124613 - HPAI_H7_2023_031 - HPAI_H7_2023_031

                PREVIOUSLY REPORTED OUTBREAKS

                OB_124401 - HPAI_H7_2023_030 - HPAI_H7_2023_030
                OB_124400 - HPAI_H7_2023_029 - HPAI_H7_2023_029
                OB_124399 - HPAI_H7_2023_028 - HPAI_H7_2023_028
                OB_124397 - HPAI_H7_2023_026 - HPAI_H7_2023_026
                OB_124396 - HPAI_H7_2023_025 - HPAI_H7_2023_025
                OB_124395 - HPAI_H7_2023_024 - HPAI_H7_2023_024
                OB_123136 - HPAI_H7_2023_010 - HPAI_H7_2023_010
                OB_124205 - HPAI_H7_2023_023 - HPAI_H7_2023_023
                OB_124191 - HPAI_H7_2023_012 - HPAI_H7_2023_012
                OB_124204 - HPAI_H7_2023_022 - HPAI_H7_2023_022
                OB_124203 - HPAI_H7_2023_021 - HPAI_H7_2023_021
                OB_124202 - HPAI_H7_2023_020 - HPAI_H7_2023_020
                OB_124201 - HPAI_H7_2023_019 - HPAI_H7_2023_019
                OB_124200 - HPAI_H7_2023_018 - HPAI_H7_2023_018
                OB_124198 - HPAI_H7_2023_017 - HPAI_H7_2023_017
                OB_124197 - HPAI_H7_2023_016 - HPAI_H7_2023_016
                OB_124196 - HPAI_H7_2023_015 - HPAI_H7_2023_015
                OB_124195 - HPAI_H7_2023_014 - HPAI_H7_2023_014
                OB_124194 - HPAI_H7_2023_013 - HPAI_H7_2023_013
                OB_124188 - HPAI_H7_2023_011 - HPAI_H7_2023_011
                OB_123135 - HPAI_H7_2023_009 - HPAI_H7_2023_009
                OB_123134 - HPAI_H7_2023_008 - HPAI_H7_2023_008
                OB_123133 - HPAI_H7_2023_007 - HPAI_H7_2023_007
                OB_123132 - HPAI_H7_2023_006 - HPAI_H7_2023_006
                OB_123131 - HPAI_H7_2023_005 - HPAI_H7_2023_005
                OB_122005 - HPAI_H7_2023_004 - HPAI_H7_2023_004
                OB_121426 - HPAI_H7_2023_003 - HPAI_H7_2023_003
                OB_120706 - HPAI_H7_2023_002 - HPAI_H7_2023_002
                OB_120704 - HPAI_H7_2023_001 - HPAI_H7_2023_001

                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment


                • #9
                  Poultry Sector Hit Hard as Bird Flu Outbreaks Persist

                  September 6, 2023
                  ...
                  Dr. Abongile Balarane, the general manager of the Layer Organisation of SA Poultry, informed Farmer’s Weekly that the initial instances of H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) were observed among layer birds in the Western Cape in April. This particular strain is identical to the one currently affecting the majority of countries worldwide.
                  ...
                  In June, a new strain, designated as H7N6, emerged in the Delmas region of Mpumalanga and has since spread throughout Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and the Free State.

                  Balarane revealed that more than 25 outbreaks have been documented thus far, resulting in the unfortunate loss of over four million chickens. He stated, “The South African poultry industry had already suffered losses of roughly three million chickens in previous years’ outbreaks, making this the most severe outbreak we have encountered to date. Estimated losses for the layer industry, which holds a gross domestic value of R11.5 billion, are projected to exceed R2 billion for the current year.”
                  ...
                  Izaak Breitenbach, the general manager of the Broiler Organisation of SA Poultry, noted that primarily layers and broiler breeders have been affected. He explained, “Broilers face a lower risk, as they are typically sold at 32 to 34 days of age, while layers are raised for 74 weeks, and broiler breeders for 64 weeks.”

                  The novel strain appears to possess a similar level of contagiousness to the H5 strains. However, in contrast to previous strains where wild birds were the primary vectors of transmission, the new strain demonstrates a higher propensity to spread among chickens. As a consequence, poultry located in close proximity to areas affected by outbreaks face an elevated risk of infection, as noted by Breitenbach.

                  Balarane also remarked that H5N1 outbreaks had exhibited a somewhat seasonal pattern, typically occurring from late March or April until the conclusion of September or October. However, he emphasized, “We currently lack information regarding the behavior of the new strain, so its future behavior remains uncertain.”
                  ...

                  Poultry Sector Hit Hard as Bird Flu Outbreaks Persist - The novel strain appears to possess a similar level of contagiousness to the H5 strains
                  "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                  -Nelson Mandela

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 7

                    GENERAL INFORMATION
                    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
                    COUNTRY/TERRITORY

                    ANIMAL TYPE
                    TERRESTRIAL

                    DISEASE CATEGORY
                    Listed disease

                    EVENT ID
                    5095

                    DISEASE
                    High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

                    CAUSAL AGENT
                    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

                    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
                    H7N6

                    START DATE
                    2023/05/29

                    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
                    New strain in the country

                    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
                    -

                    CONFIRMATION DATE
                    2023/06/15

                    EVENT STATUS
                    On-going

                    END DATE
                    -

                    SELF-DECLARATION
                    NO

                    REPORT INFORMATION
                    REPORT NUMBER
                    Follow-up report 7

                    REPORT ID
                    FUR_162739

                    REPORT REFERENCE
                    HPAI_H7_2023_FU7

                    REPORT DATE
                    2023/09/19

                    REPORT STATUS
                    Validated

                    NO EVOLUTION REPORT
                    -

                    EPIDEMIOLOGY
                    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
                    Unknown or inconclusive

                    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
                    Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

                    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
                    MEASURING UNIT
                    Animal

                    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
                    Birds (DOMESTIC)
                    NEW 1524796 21855 21355 427359 0 0
                    TOTAL 4573763 108851 107705 1318521 0 0
                    ...

                    NEW OUTBREAKS

                    OB_124957 - HPAI_H7_2023_052 - HPAI_H7_2023_052
                    OB_124956 - HPAI_H7_2023_051 - HPAI_H7_2023_051
                    OB_124954 - HPAI_H7_2023_050 - HPAI_H7_2023_050
                    OB_124952 - HPAI_H7_2023_049 - HPAI_H7_2023_049
                    OB_124950 - HPAI_H7_2023_048 - HPAI_H7_2023_048
                    OB_124949 - HPAI_H7_2023_047 - HPAI_H7_2023_047
                    OB_124944 - HPAI_H7_2023_046 - HPAI_H7_2023_046
                    OB_124942 - HPAI_H7_2023_045 - HPAI_H7_2023_045
                    OB_124939 - HPAI_H7_2023_043 - HPAI_H7_2023_043
                    OB_124938 - HPAI_H7_2023_042 - HPAI_H7_2023_042
                    OB_124937 - HPAI_H7_2023_041 - HPAI_H7_2023_041

                    UPDATED OUTBREAKS

                    OB_124613 - HPAI_H7_2023_031 - HPAI_H7_2023_031
                    OB_124619 - HPAI_H7_2023_037 - HPAI_H7_2023_037
                    OB_124617 - HPAI_H7_2023_035 - HPAI_H7_2023_035
                    OB_124615 - HPAI_H7_2023_033 - HPAI_H7_2023_033
                    OB_124616 - HPAI_H7_2023_034 - HPAI_H7_2023_034
                    OB_124624 - HPAI_H7_2023_040 - HPAI_H7_2023_040
                    OB_124614 - HPAI_H7_2023_032 - HPAI_H7_2023_032
                    OB_124623 - HPAI_H7_2023_039 - HPAI_H7_2023_039
                    OB_124618 - HPAI_H7_2023_036 - HPAI_H7_2023_036
                    OB_124620 - HPAI_H7_2023_038 - HPAI_H7_2023_038

                    ...
                    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                    -Nelson Mandela

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Avian flu update: Here’s how the strains are spreading

                      By Cheryl Kahla
                      1 Oct 2023
                      02:05 pm

                      Dr Maré, who chairs the Poultry Group of the SA Veterinary Association, weighs in on the risks and implications of the bird flu strains.
                      ...
                      The H5N1 strain predominantly affects wild birds in the Western Cape and KwaZulu Natal, it has fortunately not infiltrated commercial poultry farms.

                      However, the H7N6 strain has become a substantial cause for concern, Dr Maré said said on Sunday.
                      ...
                      Speaking on Radio 702, Dr Maré said the H7N6 virus was first identified on a farm in Mpumalanga. It has, since then, rapidly extended its reach to Gauteng, Free State, Limpopo, and the North West.

                      This particular strain is becoming increasingly problematic, creating alarm within the industry. In fact, Dr Maré describes the situation as catastrophic.

                      Approximately 8.5 million egg-laying birds have been affected, equating to nearly a quarter to a third of the sector.
                      ...
                      Meanwhile, some 200 000 layer breeders are affected. Dr. Maré said the impact on layer breeders is the most concerning.
                      ...
                      These birds – making up approximately two-thirds of the industry – will be the most challenging to replace.

                      Human health risks

                      Dr. Maré also spoke about the potential for avian flu to jump to humans, saying it is a possibility but not a certainty.

                      While it is historically rare for bird flu to jump to humans, it is not impossible.

                      However, he said current tests indicate the H7N6 strain is highly specific to chickens and does not pose a risk to other birds or humans at this stage.
                      ...


                      Dr Maré, who chairs the Poultry Group of the SA Veterinary Association, weighs in on the risks and implications of the bird flu strains.
                      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                      -Nelson Mandela

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 8


                        GENERAL INFORMATION

                        COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
                        COUNTRY/TERRITORY

                        ANIMAL TYPE
                        TERRESTRIAL

                        DISEASE CATEGORY
                        Listed disease

                        EVENT ID
                        5095

                        DISEASE
                        High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

                        CAUSAL AGENT
                        Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

                        GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
                        H7N6

                        START DATE
                        2023/05/29

                        REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
                        New strain in the country

                        DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE - CONFIRMATION DATE
                        2023/06/15

                        EVENT STATUS
                        On-going

                        END DATE - SELF-DECLARATION
                        NO REPORT INFORMATION

                        REPORT NUMBER
                        follow-up report 8

                        REPORT ID
                        FUR_162967

                        REPORT REFERENCE
                        HPAI_H7_2023_FU8

                        REPORT DATE
                        2023/10/03

                        REPORT STATUS
                        Validated

                        NO EVOLUTION REPORT

                        EPIDEMIOLOGY

                        SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
                        Unknown or inconclusive

                        EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
                        Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

                        QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

                        MEASURING UNIT
                        Animal

                        SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Birds (DOMESTIC)NEW1993544202712013521876700TOTAL6567307 129122127840153728800

                        DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

                        CLINICAL SIGNS
                        YES

                        METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
                        Diagnostic test, Clinical
                        Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI) Birds 1 2023/06/13 2023/06/13 Positive

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          South Africa - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Immediate notification


                          GENERAL INFORMATION

                          COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
                          COUNTRY/TERRITORY

                          ANIMAL TYPE
                          TERRESTRIAL

                          DISEASE CATEGORY
                          Listed disease

                          EVENT ID
                          5245

                          DISEASE
                          Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

                          CAUSAL AGENT
                          Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

                          GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
                          H7N6

                          START DATE
                          2023/09/02

                          REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
                          Recurrence of an eradicated strain

                          DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
                          2021/12/15

                          CONFIRMATION DATE
                          2023/09/18

                          EVENT STATUS
                          On-going

                          END DATE - SELF-DECLARATION

                          NO REPORT INFORMATION

                          REPORT NUMBER
                          Immediate notification

                          REPORT ID
                          IN_162974

                          REPORT REFERENCE
                          HPAI_H7_W_2023_IN

                          REPORT DATE
                          2023/10/03

                          REPORT STATUS
                          Validated

                          NO EVOLUTION REPORT


                          EPIDEMIOLOGY

                          SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
                          Unknown or inconclusive

                          EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS

                          No epidemiological comment

                          QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

                          MEASURING UNIT
                          Animal

                          SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Birds (DOMESTIC)NEW1687100TOTAL1687100

                          DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

                          CLINICAL SIGNS
                          YES

                          METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC

                          Clinical, Diagnostic test
                          Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI) Birds 1 2023/09/18 2023/09/18 Positive

                          Comment


                          • sharon sanders
                            sharon sanders commented
                            Editing a comment
                            City of Johannesburg

                        • #14
                          South Africa - High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with) - Follow up report 9


                          GENERAL INFORMATION

                          COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
                          COUNTRY/TERRITORY

                          ANIMAL TYPE
                          TERRESTRIAL

                          DISEASE CATEGORY
                          Listed disease

                          EVENT ID
                          5095

                          DISEASE
                          High pathogenicity avian influenza viruses (poultry) (Inf. with)

                          CAUSAL AGENT
                          Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

                          GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
                          H7N6

                          START DATE
                          2023/05/29

                          REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
                          New strain in the country

                          DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE - CONFIRMATION DATE
                          2023/06/15

                          EVENT STATUS
                          On-going

                          END DATE - SELF-DECLARATION

                          NO REPORT INFORMATION

                          REPORT NUMBER
                          Follow-up report 9

                          REPORT ID
                          FUR_163183

                          REPORT REFERENCE
                          HPAI_H7_2023_FU9

                          REPORT DATE
                          2023/10/12

                          REPORT STATUS
                          Validated

                          NO EVOLUTION REPORT

                          EPIDEMIOLOGY

                          SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
                          • Unknown or inconclusive
                          EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
                          Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation. H7 has been identified, N identification is ongoing.

                          QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

                          MEASURING UNIT
                          Animal
                          SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Birds (DOMESTIC)NEW1457928804188009324986300TOTAL8025235 209540207933178715100

                          DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

                          CLINICAL SIGNS
                          YES

                          METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
                          Diagnostic test, Clinical
                          Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (OVI) Birds 1 2023/06/13 2023/06/13 Positive

                          Comment


                          • #15
                            H7 HPAI detected in George, Western Cape

                            13 October 2023

                            Following the recent detection of the H7 high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) in the Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State and Limpopo provinces, Western Cape poultry owners are continuously encouraged to be proactive in the prevention of the spread of HPAI to the Western Cape.

                            Western Cape Minister of Agriculture, Dr Ivan Meyer, also warns that the H5N1 HPAI virus that caused seven outbreaks in the Western Cape from April to June 2023, is still a threat from wild birds.

                            Minister Meyer said, “In the past three months the Western Cape hasn’t experienced any further outbreaks in the commercial poultry industry. All the outbreaks reported in the period between April and June have been resolved. Whilst under quarantine, the farms had been depopulated, cleaned and disinfected twice with the State Veterinarian’s inspection. The quarantine was lifted, and the outbreaks were reported as resolved and disclosed to the Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development (DALRRD) and the World Organisation of Animal Health (WOHA) respectively.”

                            Minister Meyer continued, “It is very unfortunate and a blow to the Western Cape poultry industry that the first case of H7 High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza (HPAI) was diagnosed yesterday in the George area of the Western Cape. This follows the introduction of chickens from an infected province in the North. The George farm has been quarantined and culling on the farm has already started.”

                            “Western Cape poultry owners are urged to heighten biosecurity measures as far as possible and be extremely cautious as to bringing in any new chickens or allowing visitors or vehicles into poultry farms. Moving chickens from infected provinces should be avoided at all costs as this has a severe impact on the entire Western Cape province if more cases of H7 HPAI are detected,” added Minister Meyer.

                            State veterinarian and Director of Animal Health, Dr Noluvuyo Magadla continues to appeal to poultry owners to adhere to the following general recommendations to prevent transmission of the disease between farms, which include:
                            • Discouraging interprovincial movement of birds and advising farmers to avoid these movements until avian influenza outbreaks are under control;
                            • Ensuring that you only bring healthy poultry onto your property;
                            • Keeping new birds completely separate for two weeks and only mixing with your other birds if they remain healthy;
                            • Not allowing anyone onto your property who has had contact with poultry in the previous 2 days;
                            • Not visiting poultry owned by others;
                            • Cleaning and disinfecting vehicles upon entering and exiting properties of mud;
                            • Using footbaths to disinfect footwear when entering and leaving a poultry house; and
                            • Keeping poultry away from wild birds and their body fluids.

                            ...
                            Following the recent detection of the H7 high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) in the Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State and Limpopo provinces, Western Cape poultry owners are continuously encouraged to be proactive in the prevention of the spread of HPAI to the Western Cape. Western Cape Minister of Agriculture, Dr Ivan Meyer, also warns that the H5N1 HPAI virus that caused seven outbreaks in the Western Cape from April to June 2023, is still a threat from wild birds.

                            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                            -Nelson Mandela

                            Comment

                            Working...
                            X