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Benin confirms bird flu in two locations

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  • Benin confirms bird flu in two locations

    Benin minister confirms bird flu in two locations


    COTONOU (AFP) - The west African country of Benin Saturday confirmed bird flu outbreaks at two suspect southern sites, where more than 240 chickens were culled and burnt this week.

    Agriculture Minister Roger Dovonou said samples from birds had been sent to the World Organization for Animal Health laboratory in Padua, in Italy which had confirmed that they were infected with the deadly H5N1 strain of the virus.

    The ministry had reported the country's first suspected cases of bird flu on December 7 in the commercial capital Cotonou and in Adjara, both located in southern coastal tip.

    Vets then slaughtered and incinerated 242 chickens and disinfected the two sites, which were cordoned off.

    Benin launched bird flu prevention measures in 2005, including banning poultry imports from countries hit by H5N1.

    The virus has been reported in several countries in Benin's immediate vicinity, with one person having died from bird flu in neighbouring Nigeria.

    Separately, Pakistan reported its first bird-flu related death in a human Saturday and the World Health Organisation reported Myanmar's first human case of the virus.

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20071215...n_071215154928
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
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  • #2
    Re: Benin confirms bird flu in two locations

    Originally posted by Dutchy View Post
    Benin minister confirms bird flu in two locations


    COTONOU (AFP) - The west African country of Benin Saturday confirmed bird flu outbreaks at two suspect southern sites, where more than 240 chickens were culled and burnt this week.

    Agriculture Minister Roger Dovonou said samples from birds had been sent to the World Organization for Animal Health laboratory in Padua, in Italy which had confirmed that they were infected with the deadly H5N1 strain of the virus.

    The ministry had reported the country's first suspected cases of bird flu on December 7 in the commercial capital Cotonou and in Adjara, both located in southern coastal tip.

    Vets then slaughtered and incinerated 242 chickens and disinfected the two sites, which were cordoned off.

    Benin launched bird flu prevention measures in 2005, including banning poultry imports from countries hit by H5N1.

    The virus has been reported in several countries in Benin's immediate vicinity, with one person having died from bird flu in neighbouring Nigeria.

    Separately, Pakistan reported its first bird-flu related death in a human Saturday and the World Health Organisation reported Myanmar's first human case of the virus.

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20071215...n_071215154928
    --
    It seems that this piece of news refers to a previously notified epizootics, but see below:
    -
    -=Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Benin=-

    Information received on 05/12/2007 from Dr Christophe B. MONSIA, Directeur de l'élevage, Direction de l'élevage, Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Elevage et de la Pêche, COTONOU, Benin

    *Summary*

    Report type *Immediate notification
    Start date *07/11/2007
    Date of confirmation of event *05/12/2007
    Report date *05/12/2007
    Date submitted to OIE *05/12/2007
    Reason for notification *First occurrence of a listed disease
    Manifestation of disease *Clinical disease
    Causal agent *Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype Pending
    Nature of diagnosis *Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Necropsy
    Report pertains to *Entire country

    -=New outbreaks=-
    *Outbreak 1 - 2nd district, COTONOU
    Date of start of outbreak *03/12/2007
    Outbreak status *Continuing (or date resolved not submitted)
    Epidemiological unit *Farm
    Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
    *Birds - 308 - 238 - 67 - 0 - 241

    Affected population: layer chicken flock of Arco and Warren breeds. Fraudulent introduction of poultry from Ghana. Holding including also 8 turkey cocks (5 dead).

    *Outbreak 2 - Honvié, ADJARA
    Date of start of outbreak *07/11/2007
    Outbreak status *Continuing (or date resolved not submitted)
    Epidemiological unit *Village
    Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
    *Birds - 37 - 33 - 33 - 0 - 4
    Affected population flock wandering in the village including 15 chicks and 22 local adult chickens. Animals vaccinated on 31 October 2007 against Newcastle disease.
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
    Total animals affected: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
    *Birds - 345 - 271 - 100 - 0 - 245

    -=Outbreak statistics=-
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible removed*
    *Birds - 78.55% - 28.99% - 36.90% - 100.00%
    * Removed from the susceptible population either through death, destruction or slaughter

    -=Epidemiology=-
    Source of infection Introduction of new live animals
    Illegal movement of animals

    -=Control measures=-
    Measures already applied Quarantine
    Movement control inside the country
    Screening
    Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
    Dipping / Spraying
    Modified stamping out
    Vaccination permitted
    No treatment of affected animals

    Measures to be applied Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)

    -=Diagnostic test results=-
    Laboratory name and type Laboratoire national (National laboratory)
    Tests and results: Species - Test - Test date - Result
    *Birds - test de détection rapide - 05/12/2007 - Positive

    -
    http://www.oie.int/wahid-prod/public...&reportid=6557
    ------

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Benin confirms bird flu in two locations

      -=OIE, Follow-up Report No. 1, HPAI H5N1 in poultry, BENIN=-

      -=Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Benin=-
      Information received on 17/12/2007 from Dr Christophe B. MONSIA, Directeur de l'élevage, Direction de l'élevage, Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Elevage et de la Pêche, COTONOU, Benin

      Summary

      Report type *Follow-up report No. 1
      Start date *07/11/2007
      Date of confirmation of event *05/12/2007
      Report date *17/12/2007
      Date submitted to OIE *17/12/2007
      Reason for notification *First occurrence of a listed disease
      Manifestation of disease *Clinical disease
      Causal agent *Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Serotype H5N1
      Nature of diagnosis *Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
      Report pertains to *Entire country
      Related reports *Immediate notification (05/12/2007)
      Follow-up report No. 1 (17/12/2007)

      New outbreaks
      *Outbreak 1 * Akpakanme, AKPRO-MISSERETE
      Date of start of outbreak *01/12/2007
      Outbreak status *Continuing (or date resolved not submitted)
      Epidemiological unit *Village
      Affected animals: Species - Susceptible - Cases - Deaths - Destroyed - Slaughtered
      *Birds - 129 - 55 - 55 - 0 - 74
      Affected population: village flock including 51 ducks, 14 turkeys, 42 chickens, 19 guinea fowls and 3 turtledoves
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
      Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible removed*
      *Birds - 42.64% - 42.64% - 100.00% - 100.00%
      * Removed from the susceptible population either through death, destruction or slaughter

      Epidemiology
      Source of infection Introduction of new live animals
      Illegal movement of animals
      Epidemiological comments: The outbreak in Akpro-Missereté is a suspicion. Rapid test has been positive. The outbreak in Cotonou is probably due to two turkeys coming from Adjara. Ghanaian origine of the disease is unlikely. 1,194 poultry have been destroyed in Cotonou.

      Control measures
      Measures already applied Quarantine
      Movement control inside the country
      Screening
      Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
      Dipping / Spraying
      Modified stamping out
      Vaccination permitted
      No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)

      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute, Padova (OIE’s Reference Laboratory)
      Tests and results: Species - Test - Test date - Result
      *Birds - RT-PCR en temps réel - 14/12/2007 - Positive
      *Birds - séquençage du gène - 14/12/2007 - Positive
      -
      http://www.oie.int/wahid-prod/public...&reportid=6602
      ----

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Benin confirms bird flu in two locations

        Mao updated

        http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UT...2&t=h&z=8&om=1

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