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Viruses . SARS-CoV-2 Survival on Surfaces and the Effect of UV-C Light

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  • Viruses . SARS-CoV-2 Survival on Surfaces and the Effect of UV-C Light


    Viruses


    . 2021 Mar 5;13(3):408.
    doi: 10.3390/v13030408.
    SARS-CoV-2 Survival on Surfaces and the Effect of UV-C Light


    Anna Gidari 1 , Samuele Sabbatini 2 , Sabrina Bastianelli 1 , Sara Pierucci 1 , Chiara Busti 1 , Desirée Bartolini 3 , Anna Maria Stabile 4 , Claudia Monari 2 , Francesco Galli 3 , Mario Rende 4 , Gabriele Cruciani 5 , Daniela Francisci 1



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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to establish the persistence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on inanimate surfaces such as plastic, stainless steel, and glass during UV-C irradiation which is a physical means commonly utilized in sanitization procedures. The viral inactivation rate, virus half-life, and percentage of titer reduction after UV-C irradiation were assessed. Infectivity was maintained on plastic and glass until 120 h and on stainless steel until 72 h. The virus half-life was 5.3, 4.4, and 4.2 h on plastic, stainless steel, and glass, respectively. In all cases, titer decay was >99% after drop drying. UV-C irradiation efficiently reduced virus titer (99.99%), with doses ranging from 10.25 to 23.71 mJ/cm2. Plastic and stainless steel needed higher doses to achieve target reduction. The total inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 on glass was obtained with the lower dose applied. SARS-CoV-2 survival can be long lasting on inanimate surfaces. It is worth recommending efficient disinfection protocols as a measure of prevention of viral spread. UV-C can provide rapid, efficient and sustainable sanitization procedures of different materials and surfaces. The dosages and mode of irradiation are important parameters to consider in their implementation as an important means to fight the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.

    Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; UV-C; glass; persistence; plastic; steel; surfaces.

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