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Texas: Avian flu in mammals, 2023 - 2024

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  • Texas: Avian flu in mammals, 2023 - 2024

    Source: https://www.kcbd.com/2023/03/21/firs...u-found-texas/

    First case of contagious avian flu found in Texas
    By KCBD Staff
    Published: Mar. 21, 2023 at 2:42 PM EDT|Updated: 3 hours ago

    CARSON COUNTY, Texas (NEWS RELEASE) - The National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) confirmed this week the presence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in a striped skunk recovered from Carson County.

    This is the first confirmed case of HPAI in mammals for Texas.

    Detected in all states across the U.S. except Hawaii, HPAI is a highly contagious virus that transmits easily among wild and domestic birds. The virus can spread directly between animals and indirectly through environmental contamination...

  • #2

    2024 - Dairy Cows.

    Please see: Dairy cows test positive for H5N1 avian flu in Texas, Kansas, Idaho, Michigan, New Mexico, Ohio, North Carolina, South Dakota - March 24+ One Texas human case April 1

    Comment


    • #3
      United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 47


      GENERAL INFORMATION

      COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
      ZONE

      ANIMAL TYPE
      TERRESTRIAL

      DISEASE CATEGORY
      Listed disease

      EVENT ID
      4451

      DISEASE
      Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

      CAUSAL AGENT
      Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

      GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
      H5N1

      START DATE
      2022/03/30

      REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
      Unusual host species

      DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
      2022/05/05

      EVENT STATUS
      On-going

      END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

      NO REPORT INFORMATION

      REPORT NUMBER
      Follow-up report 47

      REPORT ID
      FUR_167004

      REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
      2024/04/19

      REPORT STATUS
      Validated

      NO EVOLUTION REPORT

      EPIDEMIOLOGY

      SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
      • Contact with wild species
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
      Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock.

      QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

      MEASURING UNIT
      Animal

      SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-752-- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1754-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-1----TOTAL1652461495300

      DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

      CLINICAL SIGNS
      YES

      METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
      Clinical, Diagnostic test
      Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Harbor Seal,American marten,Bottlenose dolphin,Domestic cat,Amur Leopard,Racoon (Northern raccoon),Puma,Fisher,American Black Bear (black bear),Tiger,Cats,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Bobcat,Gray Seal,Virginia Opossum,Striped Skunk,Coyote,Red Fox,American Mink,Abert's squirrel,Bovine,North American river otter,Polar Bear,Goats 207 2022/05/05 2024/04/17 Positive



      NEW OUTBREAKS

      OB_134125 - MI 005 - ISABELLA COUNTY

      OB_134123 - MI 003 - IONIA COUNTY

      OB_134124 - MI 004 - OTTAWA COUNTY

      OB_134126 - KS 004 - STEVENS COUNTY

      OB_134128 - NM 007 - CURRY COUNTY

      OB_134129 - TX 012 - HARTLEY COUNTY​

      Comment


      • #4
        Excepts from the WOAH report posted above by Lance:

        At 3 farms, there have been outbreaks of H5N1 in both cattle and cats:

        OUTBREAK REFERENCE
        TX 002

        Texas
        Farm
        Hartley County
        A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a drop in feed intake, tacky feces, thickened milk, increased somatic cell count and pyrexia. HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.4.4b was detected in a barn cat on the premises.
        --------------------------------------
        OUTBREAK REFERENCE
        TX 007

        Texas
        Farm
        Hale County
        A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included off feed, decreased milk production, anorexia, tacky manure, thickened yellow-milk and fever. H5N1 was detected in one feral barn cat on the premises.
        ----------------------------------------
        OUTBREAK REFERENCE
        TX 008

        Texas
        Farm
        Dallam County
        A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased rumination, tacky manure, creamy/thick milk. Pneumonia noted in some cows. HPAI H5N1 was detected in barn cats on the premises.
        "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
        -Nelson Mandela

        Comment


        • #5
          In the same WOAH FUR47 update (https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451​) are reports of additional positive mammals including:
          OH 001. Wood County, OH. A barn cat.
          NM 002. Curry County, NM. A barn cat and a wild raccoon.
          NM 006. Curry County, NM. A barn cat.​

          Comment


        • #6
          United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 48


          GENERAL INFORMATION

          COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
          ZONE

          ANIMAL TYPE
          TERRESTRIAL

          DISEASE CATEGORY
          Listed disease

          EVENT ID
          4451

          DISEASE
          Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

          CAUSAL AGENT
          Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

          GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
          H5N1

          START DATE
          2022/03/30

          REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
          Unusual host species

          DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
          2022/05/05

          EVENT STATUS
          On-going

          END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

          NO REPORT INFORMATION

          REPORT NUMBER
          Follow-up report 48

          REPORT ID
          FUR_167043

          REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
          2024/04/26

          REPORT STATUS
          Validated

          NO EVOLUTION REPORT

          EPIDEMIOLOGY

          SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
          • Contact with wild species
          • Unknown or inconclusive
          EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
          Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock. On 24 April 2024, The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), United States Department of Agriculture issued a federal order requiring pre-movement testing and reporting of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock. Wildlife detections unrelated to dairy cattle detections are reported in Vermont (VT) and California (CA).

          QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

          MEASURING UNIT
          Animal

          SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-852-- Mephitidae (unidentified) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1---- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1754-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-2----TOTAL1652481495300

          DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

          CLINICAL SIGNS
          YES

          METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
          Clinical, Diagnostic test
          Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Bobcat,Domestic cat,Fisher,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Cats,American Black Bear (black bear),Gray Seal,Red Fox,North American river otter,Racoon (Northern raccoon),Tiger,Harbor Seal,Puma,American marten,Bottlenose dolphin,Virginia Opossum,Amur Leopard,Coyote,Striped Skunk,Mephitidae (unidentified),Abert's squirrel,Goats,Polar Bear,American Mink,Bovine 212 2022/05/05 2024/04/19 Positive



          NEW OUTBREAKS

          OB_134221 - TX 006 - LAMB COUNTY
          OB_134222 - MI 006 - IONIA COUNTY
          OB_134223 - ID 002 - CASSIA COUNTY
          OB_134242 - SACRAMENTO COUNTY
          OB_134220 - ADDISON COUNTY​

          Comment


          • #7
            from above in Texas:

            OB_134221 - TX 006 - LAMB COUNTY

            OUTBREAK REFERENCE


            TX 006

            START DATE


            2024/03/23

            END DATE


            - DETAILED CHARACTERISATION


            - FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


            Texas

            SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


            Lamb

            THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION


            - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT


            Farm

            LOCATION


            Lamb County

            Latitude, Longitude


            33.921 , -102.333

            (Approximate location)

            OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER


            - MEASURING UNIT


            Animal

            AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION


            A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased rumination and decreased feed intake.

            SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------

            METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC


            Diagnostic test, Clinical


            CONTROL MEASURES DIFFERENT FROM EVENT LEVEL


            MEASURES NOT IMPLEMENTED

            Comment


            • #8
              OB_134657 - TX 013 - LAMB COUNTY

              OUTBREAK REFERENCE
              TX 013

              START DATE
              2024/04/20

              END DATE

              DETAILED CHARACTERISATION

              FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
              Texas

              SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
              Lamb

              THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

              EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
              Farm

              LOCATION
              Lamb County

              Latitude, Longitude
              33.929 , -102.33

              (Approximate location)

              OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER

              MEASURING UNIT
              Animal

              AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
              A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included a mild decrease in milk production. SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL------

              METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC


              Diagnostic test, Clinical
              https://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451

              Comment

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