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Kentucky - Avian flu in mammals - 2024

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  • Kentucky - Avian flu in mammals - 2024

    United States of America - Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-) - Follow up report 46


    GENERAL INFORMATION

    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    ZONE

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Listed disease

    EVENT ID
    4451

    DISEASE
    Influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity (Inf. with) (non-poultry including wild birds) (2017-)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    H5N1

    START DATE
    2022/03/30

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Unusual host species

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE- CONFIRMATION DATE
    2022/05/05

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE- SELF-DECLARATION

    NO REPORT INFORMATION

    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 46

    REPORT ID
    FUR_166872

    REPORT REFERENCE- REPORT DATE
    2024/04/11

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT

    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    • Contact with wild species
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 Eurasian lineage goose/Guangdong clade 2.3.4.4b has been confirmed in samples from dairy cattle in Idaho (ID), Kansas (KS), Michigan (MI), New Mexico (NM), North Carolina (NC), Ohio (OH), South Dakota (SD) and Texas (TX). Updates to the detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock can be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/livestock...ions/livestock. Wildlife detections unrelated to these livestock detections are reported from Missouri (MO), Kentucky (KY) and New York (NY).

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated Coyote (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1-1-- Cats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-714-- Virginia Opossum (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Domestic cat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-611-- Goats (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL16555--- Gray Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Bobcat (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-752-- Striped Skunk (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-422714-- American Mink (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1---- Tiger (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Harbor Seal (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-21192-- Racoon (Northern raccoon) (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-1654-- Puma (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-2222--- Bottlenose dolphin (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American Black Bear (black bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-413-- Brown bear (Grizzly Bear) (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-431-- Polar Bear (WILD)NEW------TOTAL--1--- Red Fox (WILD)NEW-1----TOTAL-864819-- Amur Leopard (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Fisher (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-321-- North American river otter (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- American marten (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-11--- Abert's squirrel (WILD)NEW------TOTAL-1---- Bovine (DOMESTIC)NEW------TOTAL-90000 All speciesNEW-3----TOTAL1652451495300

    DIAGNOSTIC DETAILS

    CLINICAL SIGNS
    YES

    METHOD OF DIAGNOSTIC
    Clinical, Diagnostic test
    Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL), Ames, Iowa Red Fox,Brown bear (Grizzly Bear),Tiger,Puma,Bobcat,Domestic cat,Fisher,Cats,Gray Seal,American Black Bear (black bear),Racoon (Northern raccoon),Harbor Seal,North American river otter,American marten,Virginia Opossum,Striped Skunk,Amur Leopard,Coyote,Abert's squirrel,Bottlenose dolphin,Bovine,Goats,American Mink,Polar Bear 201 2022/05/05 2024/04/09 Positive
    ‚Äčhttps://wahis.woah.org/#/in-review/4451

  • #2
    Excerpts from the report:

    NEW OUTBREAKS

    South Dakota
    Brown County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    ------------------------------------
    Texas
    Hale County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production, decreased feed consumption, pyrexia and increased somatic cell counts.
    -----------------------------------
    North Carolina
    Wake
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. In order to protect data confidentiality, the second administrative division represents the approximate location of the laboratory that conducted the initial testing.
    -----------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included mastitis.
    -----------------------------------
    Texas
    Castro County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production and loose manure.
    -------------------------------------
    Texas
    Dallam County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    ---------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    -----------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production.
    -------------------------------------------
    New Mexico
    Curry County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical sign in lactating cattle included a drop in milk production
    -----------------------------------------
    Michigan
    Montcalm County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased milk production and fever.
    ------------------------------------------
    Ohio
    Wood County
    Farm
    A commercial dairy premises. Clinical signs in lactating cattle included decreased feed consumption, drop in milk production and yellow/thickened milk.
    -----------------------------------
    Missouri
    Jackson County
    Wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Samples were collected as part of a morbidity / mortality investigation.
    Cases 1
    ------------------------------------
    Kentucky
    Bourbon County
    Wild mink (Neovison vison). Samples were collected as part of a morbidity / mortality investigation.
    Cases 1

    --------------------------------------
    New York
    Greene County
    Wild racoon (Procyon lotor).
    Cases 1
    Last edited by sharon sanders; April 12, 2024, 01:39 PM. Reason: added bolding
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

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