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Argentina - 1 new outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in captive big hairy armadillos (WOAH, May 4, 2023)

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  • Argentina - 1 new outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in captive big hairy armadillos (WOAH, May 4, 2023)

    Argentina - SARS-CoV-2 in animals (Inf. with) - Follow up report 1

    GENERAL INFORMATION
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY OR ZONE
    COUNTRY/TERRITORY

    ANIMAL TYPE
    TERRESTRIAL

    DISEASE CATEGORY
    Emerging

    EVENT ID
    4199

    DISEASE
    SARS-CoV-2 in animals (Inf. with)

    CAUSAL AGENT
    SARS-CoV-2

    GENOTYPE / SEROTYPE / SUBTYPE
    -

    START DATE
    2020/12/07

    REASON FOR NOTIFICATION
    Emerging disease

    DATE OF LAST OCCURRENCE
    -

    CONFIRMATION DATE
    2021/02/25

    EVENT STATUS
    On-going

    END DATE
    -

    SELF-DECLARATION
    NO

    REPORT INFORMATION
    REPORT NUMBER
    Follow-up report 1

    REPORT ID
    FUR_157519

    REPORT REFERENCE
    -

    REPORT DATE
    2023/05/04

    REPORT STATUS
    Validated

    NO EVOLUTION REPORT
    -

    EPIDEMIOLOGY
    SOURCE OF EVENT OR ORIGIN OF INFECTION
    Unknown or inconclusive
    Contact with a person confirmed positive for COVID-19

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL COMMENTS
    Analysis is being carried out within the framework of research developed by projects financed by the national agency for the promotion of research, technological development and innovation carried out under the aegis of the coronavirus unit of the MINCyT-AGENCIA-CONICET. This project performs diagnosis of companion animals living with people affected by COVID-19.

    DISEASE IMPACT
    ZOONOTIC POTENTIAL
    NO

    -

    QUANTITATIVE DATA SUMMARY
    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated
    Cats (DOMESTIC)
    NEW------
    TOTAL 5 2 0000
    Dogs (DOMESTIC)
    NEW------
    TOTAL 22 11 0000
    Tiger (WILD)
    NEW------
    TOTAL1 1 0000
    Big hairy armadillo (WILD)
    NEW 4
    3 0000
    TOTAL 4 3 0000
    All species
    NEW 4
    3 0000
    TOTAL 32 17 0000
    ...

    NEW OUTBREAKS

    OB_107894 - SARS-COV2 LA PAMPA ARMADILLOS - FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS VETERINARIAS UNIVERSIDAD DE LA PAMPA
    OUTBREAK REFERENCE
    SARS-CoV2 La Pampa Armadillos

    START DATE
    2022/03/14

    END DATE
    2023/05/04

    DETAILED CHARACTERISATION
    -

    FIRST ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    La Pampa

    SECOND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    Maracó

    THIRD ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
    -

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT
    Other

    LOCATION
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias Universidad de La Pampa

    Latitude, Longitude
    -35.669985 , -63.777205

    OUTBREAKS IN CLUSTER
    -

    MEASURING UNIT
    Animal

    AFFECTED POPULATION DESCRIPTION
    These are four six (6) month old animals that were in the animal facility of the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences of the University of La Pampa since April 2021, to be studied for a brain neurochemistry project. Three (3) of them had been donated by rural workers in the area, and the fourth one was born in the animal facility. Upon arrival, oropharyngeal, nasal and rectal swabs and fecal samples were taken and tested as part of a surveillance project for new coronaviruses in wild animals, with negative results. During the second week of March 2022, three (3) of the four (4) animals started with respiratory signs (rhinitis, nasal discharge and sneezing), of which one (1) also showed diarrhea. At the onset of signs, none of the animal caretakers were tested for COVID-19 or had respiratory signs. All the people had been vaccinated with 2 doses of COVID vaccine, so the source of infection of the armadillos is unknown. Two (2) of the animals died of unrelated causes (one positive and one negative for SARS-CoV-2).


    SpeciesSusceptibleCasesDeathsKilled and Disposed ofSlaughtered/ Killed for commercial useVaccinated

    Big hairy armadillo (WILD)
    Captive
    NEW 4
    3 0 0 0 0
    TOTAL 4 3 0 0 0 0
    ...

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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