J Vis Exp. 2019 Sep 21;(151). doi: 10.3791/59566. A Precise Pathogen Delivery and Recovery System for Murine Models of Secondary Bacterial Pneumonia.

Borgogna TR1, Sanchez-Gonzalez A2, Gorham K2, Voyich JM3.
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1 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University. 2 University Communications, Montana State University. 3 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University; jovanka@montana.edu.


Secondary bacterial pneumonias following influenza infections consistently rank within the top ten leading causes of death in the United States. To date, murine models of co-infection have been the primary tool developed to explore the pathologies of both the primary and secondary infections. Despite the prevalence of this model, considerable discrepancies regarding instillation procedures, dose volumes, and efficacies are prevalent among studies. Furthermore, these efforts have been largely incomplete in addressing how the pathogen may be directly influencing disease progression post-infection. Herein we provide a precise method of pathogen delivery, recovery, and analysis to be used in murine models of secondary bacterial pneumonia. We demonstrate that intratracheal instillation enables an efficient and accurate delivery of controlled volumes directly and evenly into the lower respiratory tract. Lungs can be excised to recover and quantify the pathogen burden. Following excision of the infected lungs, we describe a method to extract high quality pathogen RNA for subsequent transcriptional analysis. This procedure benefits from being a non-surgical method of delivery without the use of specialized laboratory equipment and provides a reproducible strategy to investigate pathogen contributions to secondary bacterial pneumonia.

PMID: 31589206 DOI: 10.3791/59566