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Modulation of mRNA Translation and Cell Viability by Influenza A Virus Derived Nonstructural Protein 1

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  • Modulation of mRNA Translation and Cell Viability by Influenza A Virus Derived Nonstructural Protein 1

    Nucleic Acid Ther. 2018 Apr 10. doi: 10.1089/nat.2017.0712. [Epub ahead of print]
    Modulation of mRNA Translation and Cell Viability by Influenza A Virus Derived Nonstructural Protein 1.

    Liu Y1, Chia ZH1, Liew JNMH1, Or SM1, Phua KKL1.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Translation of in vitro transcribed messenger RNA (mRNA) is known to be compromised by cell's innate immune responses. Herein we show that when mRNA encoding nonstructural protein 1 (NS1), an immune evasion gene derived from influenza A virus, is co-delivered with mRNA encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP), higher GFP expression can be observed in four different interferon competent cell types within 6 h, indicating NS1's wide host range property and rapid counter response to the cells' innate immune response. Enhanced mRNA translation correlates with reduced interferon production in all tested cell types and substituting a small portion of luciferase mRNA with NS1 mRNA enhances luciferase production compared to the same dose composing of only luciferase mRNA although in a cell type specific manner. Toxicity caused by transfection of unmodified mRNA is mitigated with the delivery of NS1 mRNA and is observed only in NS1 without cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor 30 kda (CPSF30) inhibition function. Conversely, delivery of mRNA encoding NS1 with CPSF30 inhibition function aggravated toxicity. Overall, we demonstrate that NS1 enhanced mRNA transfection through active evasion of innate immune responses and modulated cellular viability during mRNA transfection.


    KEYWORDS:

    immune evasion; mRNA delivery; transfection

    PMID: 29634401 DOI: 10.1089/nat.2017.0712
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