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Chem . Mucin-mimetic glycan arrays integrating machine learning for analyzing receptor pattern recognition by influenza A viruses

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  • Chem . Mucin-mimetic glycan arrays integrating machine learning for analyzing receptor pattern recognition by influenza A viruses


    Chem


    . 2021 Dec 9;7(12):3393-3411.
    doi: 10.1016/j.chempr.2021.09.015. Epub 2021 Oct 22.
    Mucin-mimetic glycan arrays integrating machine learning for analyzing receptor pattern recognition by influenza A viruses


    Taryn M Lucas 1 , Chitrak Gupta 2 3 , Meghan O Altman 4 , Emi Sanchez 1 , Matthew R Naticchia 1 , Pascal Gagneux 4 5 , Abhishek Singharoy 2 3 , Kamil Godula 1 5



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    Influenza A viruses (IAVs) exploit host glycans in airway mucosa for entry and infection. Detection of changes in IAV glycan-binding phenotype can provide early indication of transmissibility and infection potential. While zoonotic viruses are monitored for mutations, the influence of host glycan presentation on viral specificity remains obscured. Here, we describe an array platform which uses synthetic mimetics of mucin glycoproteins to model how receptor presentation and density in the mucinous glycocalyx may impact IAV recognition. H1N1 and H3N2 binding in arrays of α2,3- and α2,6-sialyllactose receptors confirmed their known sialic acid-binding specificities and revealed their different sensitivities to receptor presentation. Further, the transition of H1N1 from avian to mammalian cell culture improved the ability of the virus to recognize mucin-like displays of α2,6-sialic acid receptors. Support vector machine (SVM) learning efficiently characterized this shift in binding preference and may prove useful to study viral evolution to a new host.

    Keywords: Influenza A; glycan array; hemagglutinin; machine learning; mucin; receptor pattern.

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