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Gulllain-Barre Syndrome After Trivalent Influenza Vaccination in Adults

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  • Gulllain-Barre Syndrome After Trivalent Influenza Vaccination in Adults

    Front Neurol. 2019 Jul 24;10:768. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00768. eCollection 2019.
    Gulllain-Barre Syndrome After Trivalent Influenza Vaccination in Adults.

    Chang KH1,2, Lyu RK1,2, Lin WT3, Huang YT3, Lin HS4, Chang SH2,3,5,6.
    Author information

    1 Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 2 College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 3 Center for Big Data Analytics and Statistics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 4 Division of Infectious Diseases, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan. 5 Division of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 6 Graduate Institute of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

    Abstract

    Lines of evidence suggest trivalent influenza vaccination may be associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), an immune-mediated acute inflammatory neuropathy. On the other hand, this vaccination protects against influenza infection, which has been demonstrated as a trigger of GBS. To clarify the net effect of trivalent influenza vaccines on GBS, we conducted a retrospective nationwide nested case-control study using the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance program. We identified 182 hospitalized patients with GBS aged ≥50 years from 2007 to 2015 as the cases, and 910 hospitalized patients, matched by gender, age, date of hospitalization, comorbidities, and medications, as the control subjects. Nearby and remote exposures of vaccination were defined as subjects who had received trivalent influenza vaccine 42 (nearby exposure) and 90 days (remote exposure) before the date of hospitalization, respectively. We found 7 (3.85%) GBS patients and 26 (2.86%) matched control subjects who demonstrated nearby exposures of influenza vaccine (odds ratio: 1.46, 95% confidence interval: 0.56-3.78). Seventeen (9.34%) GBS patients were exposed to influenza vaccines remotely, while the number of remote exposure of influenza vaccines in matched control subjects was 72 (7.91%, odds ratio: 1.26, 95% confidence interval: 0.67-2.38). These results do not support an association between trivalent influenza vaccine and GBS among the patients aged ≥50 years.


    KEYWORDS:

    Guillain–Barre syndrome; endemic flu; influenza; polyneuropathy; vaccination

    PMID: 31396144 PMCID: PMC6667925 DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00768
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