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Simultaneous Targeting of Multiple Hemagglutinins to APCs for Induction of Broad Immunity against Influenza

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  • Simultaneous Targeting of Multiple Hemagglutinins to APCs for Induction of Broad Immunity against Influenza

    J Immunol. 2018 Feb 2. pii: ji1701088. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1701088. [Epub ahead of print]
    Simultaneous Targeting of Multiple Hemagglutinins to APCs for Induction of Broad Immunity against Influenza.

    Anderson AM1,2, Baranowska-Hustad M1,2, Braathen R1,2, Grodeland G3,2, Bogen B1,2,4.
    Author information

    Abstract

    There is a need for vaccines that can confer broad immunity against highly diverse pathogens, such as influenza. The efficacy of conventional influenza vaccines is dependent on accurate matching of vaccines to circulating strains, but slow and limited production capacities increase the probability of vaccine mismatches. In contrast, DNA vaccination allows for rapid production of vaccines encoding novel influenza Ags. The efficacy of DNA vaccination is greatly improved if the DNA-encoded vaccine proteins target APCs. In this study, we have used hemagglutinin (HA) genes from each of six group 1 influenza viruses (H5, H6, H8, H9, H11, and H13), and inserted these into a DNA vaccine format that induces delivery of the HA protein Ags to MHC class II molecules on APCs. Each of the targeted DNA vaccines induced high titers of strain-specific anti-HA Abs. Importantly, when the six HA vaccines were mixed and injected simultaneously, the strain-specific Ab titers were maintained. In addition, the vaccine mixture induced Abs that cross-reacted with strains not included in the vaccine mixture (H1) and could protect mice against a heterosubtypic challenge with the H1 viruses A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 (H1N1) and A/California/07/2009 (H1N1). The data suggest that vaccination with a mixture of HAs could be useful for induction of strain-specific immunity against strains represented in the mixture and, in addition, confer some degree of cross-protection against unrelated influenza strains.


    PMID: 29427414 DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1701088
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