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Differential Kinetics of Immune Responses Elicited by Covid-19 Vaccines

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  • Differential Kinetics of Immune Responses Elicited by Covid-19 Vaccines

    October 15, 2021
    DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2115596

    TO THE EDITOR:

    Previous studies have shown that the BNT162b2 (Pfizer–BioNTech), mRNA-1273 (Moderna), and Ad26.COV2.S (Johnson & Johnson–Janssen) vaccines provide robust protective efficacy against coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19). Here, we report comparative kinetics of humoral and cellular immune responses elicited by the two-dose BNT162b2 vaccine (in 31 participants), the two-dose mRNA-1273 vaccine (in 22 participants), and the one-dose Ad26.COV2.S vaccine (in 8 participants). We evaluated antibody and T-cell responses from peak immunity at 2 to 4 weeks after the second immunization in recipients of the messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines or after the first immunization in recipients of the Ad26.COV2.S vaccine to 8 months ...

    At peak immunity, the BNT162b2 vaccine induced a high median live-virus neutralizing antibody titer (1789), a high median pseudovirus neutralizing antibody titer (700), and a high median binding antibody titer against the receptor-binding domain (RBD) (21,564). However, these titers declined sharply by 6 months after vaccination, as previously reported,1,2and they declined further by 8 months (Figure 1A through 1C, S1, and S2). By 8 months after BNT162b2 vaccination, the median live-virus neutralizing antibody titer (53), pseudovirus neutralizing antibody titer (160), and RBD-specific binding antibody titer (755) elicited by the vaccine were lower than the peak titers by a factor of 34, 4, and 29, respectively. ...

    https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.105...96?cookieSet=1
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