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Sci Rep . Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 3CL protease by the anti-viral chimeric protein RetroMAD1

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  • Sci Rep . Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 3CL protease by the anti-viral chimeric protein RetroMAD1

    Sci Rep


    . 2023 Nov 17;13(1):20178.
    doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-47511-z. Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 3CL protease by the anti-viral chimeric protein RetroMAD1

    Lee-Chin Chan # 1 2 , Aini Syahida Mat Yassim # 3 4 5 , Abdullah Al Hadi Ahmad Fuaad 6 , Thean Chor Leow 7 8 9 , Suriana Sabri 7 8 , Radin Shafierul Radin Yahaya 7 , Awang Muhammad Sagaf Abu Bakar 10



    AffiliationsAbstract

    COVID-19 results from SARS-CoV-2, which mutates frequently, challenging current treatments. Therefore, it is critical to develop new therapeutic drugs against this disease. This study explores the interaction between SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro and RetroMAD1, a well-characterized coronavirus protein and potential drug target, using in-silico methods. The analysis through the HDOCK server showed stable complex formation with a binding energy of -12.3, the lowest among reference drugs. The RetroMAD1-3CLpro complex underwent a 100 ns molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) in an explicit solvation system, generating various trajectories, including RMSD, RMSF, hydrogen bonding, radius of gyration, and ligand binding energy. MDS results confirmed intact interactions within the RetroMAD1-3CLpro complex during simulations. In vitro experiments validated RetroMAD1's ability to inhibit 3CLpro enzyme activity and prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection in human bronchial cells. RetroMAD1 exhibited antiviral efficacy comparable to Remdesivir without cytotoxicity at effective concentrations. These results suggest RetroMAD1 as a potential drug candidate against SARS-CoV-2, warranting further in vivo and clinical studies to assess its efficiency.


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