Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

Expert Opin Drug Discov . Preclinical discovery and development of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir combinational therapy for the treatment of COVID-19 and the lessons learned from SARS-COV-2 variants

Collapse
X
 
  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • Expert Opin Drug Discov . Preclinical discovery and development of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir combinational therapy for the treatment of COVID-19 and the lessons learned from SARS-COV-2 variants

    Expert Opin Drug Discov


    . 2023 Aug 23;1-11.
    doi: 10.1080/17460441.2023.2248879. Online ahead of print. Preclinical discovery and development of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir combinational therapy for the treatment of COVID-19 and the lessons learned from SARS-COV-2 variants

    Pasquale Pagliano 1 , Annamaria Spera 1 , Carmine Sellitto 2 , Giuliana Scarpati 3 , Veronica Folliero 4 , Ornella Piazza 3 , Gianluigi Franci 4 , Valeria Conti 2 , Tiziana Ascione 5



    AffiliationsAbstract

    Introduction: Nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (Paxlovid®) represent an oral antiviral therapy approved for the treatment of COVID-19. Extensive in vitro and in vivo studies have reported the promising activity of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir against numerous emerging viruses. This combination consists of nirmatrelvir, a protease reversible inhibitor of coronavirus 3CLpro mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4, and ritonavir, an inhibitor of the CYP3A isoforms that enhances the efficacy of nirmatrelvir by fixing its suboptimal pharmacokinetic properties.
    Areas covered: This review comprehensively examines the efficacy of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir through rigorous analysis of in vitro and in vivo studies. Moreover, it thoroughly assesses its safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral efficacy against SARS-COV-2 infection, based on the main pre-authorization randomized controlled trials.
    Expert opinion: Nirmatrelvir/ritonavir has a good tolerability profile. Its administration during the early stages of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 holds potential benefits, as it can help prevent the onset of an aberrant immune response that could lead to pulmonary and extra-pulmonary complications. However, its drug - drug interactions can be a factor limiting its use, at least in populations on some chronic therapies, along with the risk of infection relapse after treatment.

    Keywords: COVID-19; Nirmatrelvir/ritonavir; Paxlovid; Protease Inhibitor; SARS-CoV-2 variants.

Working...
X