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Infect Dis Ther . Remdesivir for Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in the United States: Optimization of Health Care Resources

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  • Infect Dis Ther . Remdesivir for Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in the United States: Optimization of Health Care Resources

    Infect Dis Ther


    . 2023 May 24.
    doi: 10.1007/s40121-023-00816-y. Online ahead of print. Remdesivir for Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in the United States: Optimization of Health Care Resources

    Lianne Barnieh 1 , Rachel Beckerman 1 , Sushanth Jeyakumar 1 , Alice Hsiao 2 , James Jarrett 3 , Robert L Gottlieb 4 5



    AffiliationsAbstract

    Introduction: In addition to significant morbidity and mortality, the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has strained health care systems globally. This study investigated the cost-effectiveness of remdesivir + standard of care (SOC) for hospitalized COVID-19 patients in the USA.
    Methods: This cost-effectiveness analysis considered direct and indirect costs of remdesivir + SOC versus SOC alone among hospitalized COVID-19 patients in the US. Patients entered the model stratified according to their baseline ordinal score. At day 15, patients could transition to another health state, and on day 29, they were assumed to have either died or been discharged. Patients were then followed over a 1-year time horizon, where they could transition to death or be rehospitalized.
    Results: Treatment with remdesivir + SOC avoided, per patient, a total of 4 hospitalization days: two general ward days and a day for both the intensive care unit and the intensive care unit plus invasive mechanical ventilation compared to SOC alone. Treatment with remdesivir + SOC presented net cost savings due to lower hospitalization and lost productivity costs compared to SOC alone. In increased and decreased hospital capacity scenarios, remdesivir + SOC resulted in more beds and ventilators being available versus SOC alone.
    Conclusions: Remdesivir + SOC alone represents a cost-effective treatment for hospitalized patients with COVID-19. This analysis can aid in future decisions on the allocation of healthcare resources.

    Keywords: COVID-19; Cost-effectiveness; Hospitalization; Remdesivir.

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