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Vet Microbiol . Lateral flow paired with RT-LAMP: A speedy solution for Influenza A virus detection in swine

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  • Vet Microbiol . Lateral flow paired with RT-LAMP: A speedy solution for Influenza A virus detection in swine

    Vet Microbiol


    . 2024 Jul 6:296:110174.
    doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2024.110174. Online ahead of print. Lateral flow paired with RT-LAMP: A speedy solution for Influenza A virus detection in swine

    Suzanna M Storms 1 , Joanna Shisler 2 , Thanh H Nguyen 3 , Federico A Zuckermann 4 , James F Lowe 5



    AffiliationsAbstract

    Influenza A Virus in swine (IAV-S) is a zoonotic pathogen that is nearly ubiquitous in commercial swine in the USA. Swine possess sialic acid receptors that allow co-infection of human and avian viruses with the potential of pandemic reassortment. We aimed to develop a fast and robust testing method for IAV-S detection on swine farms. Two primers of the RT-LAMP assay were labeled for use in a lateral flow readout. A commercially available lateral flow kit was used to read the amplicon product. With a runtime of ∼ 45 minutes, the limit of detection for the assay is comparable with an RT-qPCR Cq less than 35, with a sensitivity of 83.5 % and a specificity of 89.6 %. This assay allows veterinarians and producers with limited access to diagnostic services to perform and detect Matrix gene amplification on-site with low equipment costs. The time from sample collection to detection is less than one hour, making this method an accessible, convenient, and affordable tool to prevent the spread of zoonotic disease.

    Keywords: LAMP; Point-of-care diagnostics; Swine influenza; Swine respiratory disease; Veterinary diagnostics.

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