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Sci Rep . Generation of a recombinant temperature-sensitive influenza D virus

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  • Sci Rep . Generation of a recombinant temperature-sensitive influenza D virus


    Sci Rep


    . 2023 Mar 7;13(1):3806.
    doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-30942-z.
    Generation of a recombinant temperature-sensitive influenza D virus


    Hiroho Ishida 1 , Shin Murakami 2 , Haruhiko Kamiki 1 , Hiromichi Matsugo 1 , Misa Katayama 1 , Wataru Sekine 1 , Kosuke Ohira 1 , Akiko Takenaka-Uema 1 , Taisuke Horimoto 3



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    Influenza D virus (IDV) is a causative agent of the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC), which is the most common and costly disease affecting the cattle industry. For developing a candidate vaccine virus against IDV, we sought to produce a temperature-sensitive strain, similar to the live attenuated, cold-adapted vaccine strain available against the influenza A virus (IAV). To this end, we produced a recombinant IDV (designated rD/OK-AL) strain by introducing mutations responsible for the adaptation of the IAV vaccine strain to cold conditions and conferring sensitivity to high temperatures into PB2 and PB1 proteins using reverse genetics. The rD/OK-AL strain grew efficiently at 33 °C but did not grow at 37 °C in the cell culture, indicating its high-temperature sensitivity. In mice, rD/OK-AL was attenuated following intranasal inoculation. It mediated the production of high levels of antibodies against IDV in the serum. When the rD/OK-AL-inoculated mice were challenged with the wild-type virus, the virus was not detected in respiratory organs after the challenge, indicating complete protection against IDV. These results imply that the rD/OK-AL might be a potential candidate for the development of live attenuated vaccines for IDV that can be used to control BRDC.


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