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Vet Microbiol . The pathogenicity and transmission of live bird market H2N2 avian influenza viruses in chickens, Pekin ducks, and guinea fowl

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  • Vet Microbiol . The pathogenicity and transmission of live bird market H2N2 avian influenza viruses in chickens, Pekin ducks, and guinea fowl


    Vet Microbiol


    . 2021 Jul 7;260:109180.
    doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2021.109180. Online ahead of print.
    The pathogenicity and transmission of live bird market H2N2 avian influenza viruses in chickens, Pekin ducks, and guinea fowl


    Jongseo Mo 1 , Sungsu Youk 1 , Mary J Pantin-Jackwood 1 , David L Suarez 1 , Dong-Hun Lee 2 , Mary Lea Killian 3 , Nichole H Bergeson 3 , Erica Spackman 4



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    H2N2 subtype low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIVs) have persisted in live bird markets (LBMs) in the Northeastern United States since 2014. Although unrelated to the 1957 pandemic H2N2 lineage, there is concern that the virus could have animal and public health consequences because of high contact with humans and numerous species in the LBM system. The pathogenicity, infectivity, and transmissibility of six LBM H2N2 viruses isolated from three avian species in LBMs were examined in chickens. Two of these isolates were also tested in Pekin ducks and guinea fowl. Full genome sequence was obtained from all 6 isolates and evaluated for genetic markers for host adaptation and pathogenicity in poultry. Clinical signs were not observed in any host with any of the isolates, however one recent isolate was shed at higher titers than the other isolates and had the lowest bird infectious dose of all the isolates tested in all three species. This isolate, A/chicken/NY/19-012787-1/2019, was also the only isolate with a deletion in the stalk region of the neuraminidase protein (NA). This supports the theory that the NA stalk deletion is evidence of adaptation to gallinaceous poultry.

    Keywords: Chicken; Guinea fowl; H2N2; Influenza A; Low pathogenic avian influenza; Neuraminidase stalk deletion; Pekin duck.

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