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Comparing the similarity and difference of three influenza surveillance systems in China

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  • Comparing the similarity and difference of three influenza surveillance systems in China

    Sci Rep. 2018 Feb 12;8(1):2840. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-21059-9.
    Comparing the similarity and difference of three influenza surveillance systems in China.

    Yang X1, Liu D1, Wei K1, Liu X1, Meng L1, Yu D1, Li H1, Li B1, He J2, Hu W3.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Three main surveillance systems (laboratory-confirmed, influenza-like illness (ILI) and nationwide Notifiable Infectious Diseases Reporting Information System (NIDRIS)) have been used for influenza surveillance in China. However, it is unclear which surveillance system is more reliable in developing influenza early warning system based on surveillance data. This study aims to evaluate the similarity and difference of the three surveillance systems and provide practical knowledge for improving the effectiveness of influenza surveillance. Weekly influenza data for the three systems were obtained from March 2010 to February 2015. Spearman correlation and time series seasonal decomposition were used to assess the relationship between the three surveillance systems and to explore seasonal patterns and characteristics of influenza epidemics in Gansu, China. Our results showed influenza epidemics appeared a single-peak around January in all three surveillance systems. Time series seasonal decomposition analysis demonstrated a similar seasonal pattern in the three systems, while long-term trends were observed to be different. Our research suggested that a combination of the NIDRIS together with ILI and laboratory-confirmed surveillance is an informative, comprehensive way to monitor influenza transmission in Gansu, China. These results will provide a useful information for developing influenza early warning systems based on influenza surveillance data.


    PMID: 29434230 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-21059-9
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