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Science. Implementing the New U.S. Dual-Use Policy

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  • Science. Implementing the New U.S. Dual-Use Policy

    [Source: Science, full text: (LINK). Abstract, edited.]

    <CITE><ABBR>Science</ABBR> 22 June 2012: Vol. 336 no. 6088 pp. 1525-1527 - DOI: 10.1126/science.1223995 </CITE>
    <CITE></CITE>Policy Forum
    Implementing the New U.S. Dual-Use Policy

    Carrie D. Wolinetz

    Author Affiliations: Association of American Universities, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005, USA.



    After a decade of intensive policy discussions on the topic of dual-use research of concern (DURC) in the life sciences, there has been a lack of consensus on how to practically define DURC; whether it is feasible to identify and regulate DURC experiments; how to address the risks associated with DURC; and how to balance this risk with the necessity of fostering life sciences research for public health and biodefense. The publication of two avian influenza studies has brought the DURC issue back into sharp focus and has resulted in a new set of federal guidelines. However, the new DURC policy raises questions regarding whether this is the best policy solution to a complicated biosecurity concern.
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