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Infection . Increasing influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers: a review on campaign strategies and their effect

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  • Infection . Increasing influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers: a review on campaign strategies and their effect


    Infection


    . 2020 Dec 7.
    doi: 10.1007/s15010-020-01555-9. Online ahead of print.
    Increasing influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers: a review on campaign strategies and their effect


    Sofie Schumacher 1 2 3 , Jon Salmanton-GarcĂ­a 1 2 3 , Oliver A Cornely 4 5 6 7 8 , Sibylle C Mellinghoff 1 2 3



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    Purpose: Increasing influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers is a challenge. Especially during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, high vaccination coverage should be attained. This review analyzed strategies to increase influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers.
    Methods: A literature search using PubMed was conducted and 32 publications on influenza vaccination campaigns for healthcare workers were reviewed for key interventions and resulting vaccination coverage.
    Results: Among key interventions analyzed, mandatory vaccination policies or multifaceted campaigns including a vaccinate-or-wear-a-mask policy as well as mandatory declination reached vaccination coverage in healthcare workers of over 90%. Although campaigns solely based on education and promotion or on-site-vaccination did not regularly exceed an absolute vaccination coverage of 40%, a substantial relative increase in vaccination coverage was reached by implementation of these strategies.
    Conclusion: Mandatory vaccination policies are effective measures to achieve high overall vaccination coverage. In clinics where policies are infeasible, multifaceted campaigns comprising on-site vaccination, vaccination stands and educational and promotional campaigns as well as incentives should be implemented. Lessons learned from influenza campaigns could be implemented in future SARS-CoV-2 vaccination campaigns.

    Keywords: Healthcare personnel; Immunization; Immunization programs; Influenza virus; Seasonal influenza; Vaccine uptake rate.

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