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Infection control after and during natural disaster

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  • Infection control after and during natural disaster

    Acute Med Surg. 2018 Sep 23;6(1):5-11. doi: 10.1002/ams2.367. eCollection 2019 Jan.
    Infection control after and during natural disaster.

    Izumikawa K1,2.
    Author information

    Abstract

    We encounter many natural disasters in Japan and various infectious diseases could occur during and after natural disasters. Two recent major natural disasters, the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Kumamoto Earthquake in 2011 and 2016, respectively, killed tremendous numbers of people and many were affected with infectious diseases in evacuation centers as well as shelters for long period. Infection control teams of medical facilities inside or outside of affected areas were dispatched, supported evacuees, and made great contributions to: (i) control epidemic infectious diseases such as influenza and norovirus infection, (ii) educate and encourage people, (iii) improve environments. According to the experiences and evidence accumulated from these two disasters, it is apparent that infection control activities will definitely reduce infection during and after disasters. However, unlike the Disaster Medical Assistance Team and Japan Medical Association Team, there is no organization specialized for infection control in disaster-affected areas. A disaster infection control team should be established by leads of either of government and/or societies related to infectious diseases and infection control.


    KEYWORDS:

    disaster ICT; disaster medical assistance team; infection; infection control; natural disaster

    PMID: 30651992 PMCID: PMC6328906 DOI: 10.1002/ams2.367
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