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Knowledge, attitude and awareness among healthcare professionals about influenza vaccination in Peshawar, Pakistan

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  • Knowledge, attitude and awareness among healthcare professionals about influenza vaccination in Peshawar, Pakistan

    Vaccine. 2016 Feb 1. pii: S0264-410X(16)00097-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.01.045. [Epub ahead of print]
    Knowledge, attitude and awareness among healthcare professionals about influenza vaccination in Peshawar, Pakistan.

    Khan TM1, Khan AU2, Ali I2, Chia DW3.
    Author information

    Abstract

    A cross-sectional study was carried out among HCPs in Northwest General Hospital & Research Centre, Hayatabad Peshawar, Pakistan. The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge, awareness and attitude of HCPs towards influenza vaccination. A total of N=170 questionnaires were distributed among the staff. There was a 97% response rate to this survey (n=165). The median age of the respondents was 30 years and most of them, 98 (59.0%), were from age group of 24-30 years. The majority of the HCPs that participated in this study were male 106 (64.2%), and by profession, the majority were physicians 77 (46.7%), followed by pharmacists and nurses. A majority 114 (69.1%) believed that it was not compulsory for HCPs to get vaccinated for influenza. Top three identified barriers to vaccination were: not everyone is familiar with the availability of the influenza vaccination at their institution (Relative importance weight factors (RIWF)=0.71), due to needle fear I do not like to get vaccinated (RIWF=0.70) and it is not compulsory for healthcare professionals to get vaccinated for influenza (RIWF=0.64). The logistic regression analysis has revealed association for job experience and profession with the most of the eleven knowledge item. However, when overall sum of eleven items were tested to identify the factors affecting the knowledge score, along with profession (-0.215 [-0.389 to 0.040]; p=0.016) and job experience (0.823 [0.521-1.125]; p<0.001) HCPs age (-0.409 [-0.755 to -0.064]; p=0.020) was found to be another significant factor affecting the total knowledge score of HCPs. Overall, scoring of the correct responses revealed that nurses have better knowledge and understanding about influenza and the influenza vaccination (6.50.8, p<0.001*), followed by pharmacists (6.31.14) and physicians. In spite of the published guidelines and recommendations, a very low percentage of the healthcare professionals in our hospital were vaccinated against influenza, and the barriers to vaccination were prevalent. Various strategies, including arranging seminars regarding awareness about vaccinations, are required to improve the knowledge and overall outcomes.
    Copyright 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


    KEYWORDS:

    Attitude; Awareness; Healthcare professionals; Influenza; Knowledge; Vaccination

    PMID: 26845740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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