. 2021 Sep 2;13(9):e17658.
doi: 10.7759/cureus.17658. eCollection 2021 Sep.
Acute Transverse Myelitis Following COVID-19 Infection: A Rare Case From Saudi Arabia

Mohamad Bakir 1 , Fatimah Rebh 2



Respiratory viral illnesses can lead to a wide variety of neurological complications. However, only a few cases of acute transverse myelitis (ATM) following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of ATM following SARS-CoV-2 infection in a 57-year-old male patient. The patient presented to the emergency room with lower abdominal pain, urinary retention, bilateral lower limbs weakness, and allodynia for the last four days. One week earlier, he had experienced fever, cough, and shortness of breath. On physical examination, he was vitally stable with sensory loss from the nipples down to the lower limbs bilaterally. His nasopharyngeal polymerase chain reaction for SARS-CoV-2 was positive. MRI of the spine showed an abnormal cord signal extending from the level of the D2 vertebra down to the conus medullaris. The main differential diagnosis was transverse myelitis, and the patient was started on pulse steroids for seven days. After the therapy, the condition of the patient improved with the restoration of power and sensory sensation in his lower limbs. A new MRI of the whole spine one month later showed normal morphology and signal intensity without any abnormal enhancement. The patient was discharged home with almost complete resolution of his symptoms for later follow-up in the clinic.

Keywords: case report; complication; covid-19; kingdom of saudi arabia (ksa); sars-cov-2; spinal cord injury; transverse myelitis.