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J Coll Physicians Surg Pak . Association of Blood Groups with the Severity and Outcome of COVID-19 Infection in Children

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  • J Coll Physicians Surg Pak . Association of Blood Groups with the Severity and Outcome of COVID-19 Infection in Children


    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak


    . 2021 Jan;30(1):S57-S59.
    doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2021.01.S57.
    Association of Blood Groups with the Severity and Outcome of COVID-19 Infection in Children


    Attia Bari 1 , Aimen Ch 1 , Sidra Hareem 2 , Iqbal Bano 1 , Junaid Rashid 1 , Masood Sadiq 3



    Affiliations

    Abstract

    The objective of this study was to find out the association of ABO blood groups with the severity and outcome of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. It included all laboratory-confirmed cases of COVID-19 and post-COVID multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C)/ Kawasaki disease (KD) like illness, admitted from March to September, 2020 to The Children's Hospital, Lahore. Out of 66 children, 45 (68.2%) were COVID-19 and 21 (31.8%) MIS-C/KD temporally associated with SARS-C0V-2. The mean age was 7.9 ± 4.2 years. Majority of children had mild to moderate illness 38 (57.6%), while 23 (34.8%) had severe or critical disease. Among all patients, 24 (36.4%) had some underlying comorbidity. Blood group A was significantly associated with severe and critical disease (p=0.030). COVID-19 in children had generally a good outcome, but children with blood group A were more susceptible to severe/critical disease. Key Words: Coronavirus disease 2019, ABO blood groups, Children, Severity, Outcome.


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