Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci


. 2020 Nov;24(21):11395-11401.
doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202011_23632.
Arrhythmia in patients with severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a meta-analysis


W Wen 1 , H Zhang, M Zhou, Y Cheng, L Ye, J Chen, M Wang, Z Feng



Affiliations

Abstract

Objective: Many studies have reported arrhythmia to be associated with coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but no meta-analysis has explored whether arrhythmia is related to COVID-19 severity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate arrhythmia in patients with severe and non-severe COVID-19 during the current COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials and methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for case control studies that were published between January 1 and July 25, 2020, and that had data on arrhythmia in patients with COVID-19. Random effects model was used with the odds ratio as the effect size. The frequency of arrhythmia was compared between COVID-19 patients with and without the composite endpoint of severity. We also determined the pooled prevalence of arrhythmia in patients with COVID-19. Publication bias and heterogeneity were considered by using subgroup analyses, meta-regression, and the trim and fill method.
Results: A total of 1553 patients with COVID-19 were included in the 5 articles we obtained. Of these, 349 cases (22.47%) and 1204 cases (77.53%) were severely ill and non-severely ill inpatients with COVID-19 pneumonia, respectively. There were 790 (50.87%) male patients. A total of 105 cases (30.09%) of severely ill inpatients with COVID-19 pneumonia had arrhythmia complications, and 34 cases (2.82%) of non-severely ill inpatients with COVID-19 pneumonia had arrhythmia complications. We found arrhythmia to be significantly associated with severely ill inpatients with COVID-19 pneumonia, with a pooled odds ratio of 17.97 (95% CI (11.30, 28.55), p<0.00001).
Conclusions: This study showed that the incidence of arrhythmia in patients with severe COVID-19 was greater than that of those with non-severe COVID-19. Patients with severe COVID-19 had a higher risk of arrhythmia complications, which further showed that COVID-19 may be a risk factor for arrhythmia and that the incidence of arrhythmia may increase with the progression of the disease. More importantly, this meta-analysis graded the reliability of evidence for further basic and clinical research into arrhythmia in patients with COVID-19.