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Anal Chem . Streamlined Specimen Purification for Rapid COVID-19 Diagnosis Using Positively Charged Polymer Thin Film-Coated Surfaces and Chamber Digital PCR

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  • Anal Chem . Streamlined Specimen Purification for Rapid COVID-19 Diagnosis Using Positively Charged Polymer Thin Film-Coated Surfaces and Chamber Digital PCR

    Anal Chem


    . 2023 Sep 15.
    doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c02716. Online ahead of print. Streamlined Specimen Purification for Rapid COVID-19 Diagnosis Using Positively Charged Polymer Thin Film-Coated Surfaces and Chamber Digital PCR

    Yunyoung Choi 1 2 , Younseong Song 2 , Younghak Cho 1 , Kyung-Hak Choi 3 , Chulmin Park 4 , Dong-Gun Lee 4 , Raeseok Lee 4 5 , Nakwon Choi 1 6 , Ji Yoon Kang 1 7 , Sung Gap Im 2 , Hyejeong Seong 1 7



    AffiliationsAbstract

    The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic demands rapid and straightforward diagnostic tools to prevent early-stage viral transmission. Although nasopharyngeal swabs are a widely used patient sample collection method for diagnosing COVID-19, using these samples for diagnosis without RNA extraction increases the risk of obtaining false-positive and -negative results. Thus, multiple purification steps are necessary, which are time-consuming, generate significant waste, and result in substantial sample loss. To address these issues, we developed surface-modified polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tubes using the tertiary aminated polymer poly(2-dimethylaminomethylstyrene) (pDMAMS) via initiated chemical vapor deposition. Introducing the clinical samples into the pDMAMS-coated tubes resulted in approximately 100% RNA capture efficiency within 25 min, which occurred through electrostatic interactions between the positively charged pDMAMS surface and the negatively charged RNA. The captured RNA is then detected via chamber digital PCR, enabling a sensitive, accurate, and rapid diagnosis. Our platform provides a simple and efficient RNA extraction and detection strategy that allows detection from 22 nasopharyngeal swabs and 21 saliva specimens with 0% false negatives. The proposed method can facilitate the diagnosis of COVID-19 and contribute to the prevention of early-stage transmission.


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