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IRF4-dependent dendritic cells regulate CD8+ T-cell differentiation and memory responses in influenza infection

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  • IRF4-dependent dendritic cells regulate CD8+ T-cell differentiation and memory responses in influenza infection

    Mucosal Immunol. 2019 May 15. doi: 10.1038/s41385-019-0173-1. [Epub ahead of print]
    IRF4-dependent dendritic cells regulate CD8+ T-cell differentiation and memory responses in influenza infection.

    Ainsua-Enrich E1, Hatipoglu I1, Kadel S1,2, Turner S1, Paul J1, Singh S1, Bagavant H1, Kovats S3,4.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Acute respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses is imperfectly mitigated by annual vaccination to select strains. Development of vaccines that elicit lung-resident memory CD8+ T cells (TRM) would offer more universal protection to seasonal and emerging pandemic viruses. Understanding how lung-resident dendritic cells (DCs) regulate TRM differentiation would be an important step in this process. Here, we used CD11c-cre-Irf4f/f (KO) mice, which lack lung-resident IRF4-dependent CD11b+CD24hi DCs and show IRF4 deficiency in other lung cDC subsets, to determine if IRF4-expressing DCs regulate CD8+ memory precursor cells and TRM during influenza A virus (IAV) infection. KO mice showed defective CD8+ T-cell memory, stemming from a deficit of T regulatory cells and memory precursor cells with decreased Foxo1 expression. Transfer of wild-type CD11b+CD24hi DCs into KO mice restored CD8+ memory precursor cell numbers to wild-type levels. KO mice recovered from a primary infection harbored reduced numbers of CD8+ TRM and showed deficient expansion of IFNγ+CD8+ T cells and increased lung pathology upon challenge with heterosubtypic IAV. Thus, vaccination strategies that harness the function of IRF4-dependent DCs could promote the differentiation of CD8+ TRM during IAV infection.


    PMID: 31089186 PMCID: PMC6527354 [Available on 2019-11-15] DOI: 10.1038/s41385-019-0173-1
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