Theranostics. 2019 Jul 9;9(17):4849-4859. doi: 10.7150/thno.35824. eCollection 2019.
Rapid and Ultrasensitive Quantification of Multiplex Respiratory Tract Infection Pathogen via Lateral Flow Microarray based on SERS Nanotags.

Zhang D1,2,3, Huang L1,2,4, Liu B1,2, Ge Q1,2, Dong J1,2, Zhao X1,2.
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1 State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China. 2 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Biomedical Engineering Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China. 3 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. 4 Getein Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Nanjing 210000, China.


Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are severe acute infectious diseases, which require the timely and accurate identification of the pathogens involved so that the individual treatment plan can be selected, including optimized use of antibiotics. However, high throughput and ultrasensitive quantification of multiple nucleic acids is a challenge in a point of care testing (POCT) device. Methods: Herein, we developed a 23 microarray on a lateral flow strip with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags encoding the nucleic acids of 11 common RTI pathogens. On account of the signal magnification of encoded SERS nanotags in addition to the high surface area to volume ratio of the nitrocellulose (NC) membrane, rapid quantification of the 11 pathogens with a broad linear dynamic range (LDR) and ultra-high sensitivity was achieved on one lateral flow microarray. Results: The limit of detection (LOD) for influenza A, parainfluenza 1, parainfluenza 3, respiratory syncytial virus, coxiella burnetii, legionella pneumophila, influenza B, parainfluenza 2, adenovirus, chlamydophila pneumoniae, and mycoplasma pneumoniae were calculated to be 0.031 pM, 0.030 pM, 0.038 pM, 0.038 pM, 0.040 pM, 0.039 pM, 0.035 pM, 0.032 pM, 0.040 pM, 0.039 pM, and 0.041 pM, respectively. The LDR of measurement of the target nucleic acids of the eleven RTI pathogens were 1 pM-50 nM, which span 5 orders of magnitude. Conclusions: We anticipate this novel approach could be widely adopted in the early and precise diagnosis of RTI and other diseases.


core-shell SERS nanotags; lateral flow microarray; multiplex nucleic acids detection; respiratory tract infection (RTI)

PMID: 31410186 PMCID: PMC6691375 DOI: 10.7150/thno.35824
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