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Impact of rapid molecular detection of respiratory viruses on clinical outcomes and patient management

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  • Impact of rapid molecular detection of respiratory viruses on clinical outcomes and patient management

    J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Jan 16. pii: JCM.01890-18. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01890-18. [Epub ahead of print]
    Impact of rapid molecular detection of respiratory viruses on clinical outcomes and patient management.

    Kuypers J1.
    Author information

    Abstract

    To determine if rapid molecular testing for respiratory viruses in patients with respiratory illnesses can provide advantages to patients and hospitals, rigorous investigations on the impacts of using these assays are required. Well-conducted studies are needed to inform decisions about implementation of new rapid assays to replace standard molecular testing or to initiate testing in laboratories that are currently not doing molecular tests for respiratory viruses due to the complex nature of standard panels. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, N. Wabe et al. (J Clin Microbiol 57:e01727-18 (https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01727-18) report the results of their evaluation of the impact of using a rapid molecular test for influenza A/B and RSV on outcomes for adults hospitalized with respiratory illness. The median time from admission to test result of the rapid test was 7.5 hours compared to 40.3 hours for the standard PCR assay. Compared to the use of the standard molecular assay, use of a rapid test significantly shortened time in the hospital and reduced the number of other microbiology tests performed. The authors concluded that rapid PCR testing of adults hospitalized with respiratory illnesses could provide benefits to both the patients and the hospital. Patients were able to leave the hospital earlier and a greater proportion of them had received their test results before discharge, which would allow appropriate treatment to be provided more quickly.
    Copyright 2019 American Society for Microbiology.


    PMID: 30651392 DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01890-18
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