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Novel application of Influenza A virus inoculated chorioallantoic membrane to characterize a nucleoprotein specific monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemistry assay

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  • Novel application of Influenza A virus inoculated chorioallantoic membrane to characterize a nucleoprotein specific monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemistry assay

    J Vet Sci. 2018 Nov 26. [Epub ahead of print]
    Novel application of Influenza A virus inoculated chorioallantoic membrane to characterize a nucleoprotein specific monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemistry assay.

    Tu YC1,2, Chen KY2, Chen CK2, Cheng MC1,3, Lee SH1, Cheng IC2.
    Author information

    Abstract

    Monoclonal antibody (MAb) is widely applied in disease diagnosis. Here we report a MAb, 1 WF-4, against Influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP), its broad response with Influenza A virus, and its application in immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. WF-4 was screened by immunofluorescence assay (IFA). The results showed that its reactivity with baculovirus expressed full-length recombinant NP (rNP) in western blot (WB) and applicability in IHC. Fifteen Influenza A virus reference subtypes, H1 to H15, infected chicken embryonated chorioallantoic membranes (CAM) fixed by formalin, were all detectable in WF-4 based IHC. Also, the reactivity of the IHC test with NP from experimentally inoculated H6N1 and from all recent outbreak of H5 subtype avian Influenza A virus (AIV) field cases in Taiwan showed positive results. Our data indicate that CAM, the by-product of Influenza A virus preparation, is helpful for Influenza A virus specific MAb characterization, and that MAb WF-4 recognizes conserved and linear epitopes of Influenza A virus NP. Therefore, WF-4 is capable of detecting NP antigen in IHC and may be suitable for developing various tests for diagnosis of Influenza A virus, and especially AIV infection.


    KEYWORDS:

    Influenza A virus; chorioallantoic membrane; immunohistochemistry; monoclonal antibody; nucleoprotein

    PMID: 30481981
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